all about pyramids in Bosnia

04.05.2006. What to think when Atlantis is just one click of the remote away

Seductions of Pseudoarchaeology: Far Out Television Volume 56 Number 3, May/June 2003
by Garrett G. Fagan

One chilly Sunday night, I turned on the Discovery Channel. In progress was Mysteries of the Pyramids, which informed me of the following startling facts. The pyramid shape is virtually inexplicable. It is a terrific mystery as to how this shape came to be used by so many different cultures from around the world (from Egypt to China to Mesoamerica). In the mid-twentieth century, psychic Edgar Cayce envisioned a construction date for the three pyramids at Giza of 10,500 B.C., and a recent "scientific investigation" had confirmed Cayce's date by aligning the monuments with stars in Orion's Belt as they appeared in the sky at that time. The author of this "scientific investigation," Robert Bauval, had the final word: "You are lured into entering a quest, a system of learning and, ultimately, you will be initiated into the belief system that this pyramid represents."

While easy to dismiss, programs propagating pseudoarchaeological speculations--the mystical powers of pyramids, ancient astronauts, Atlantis' role in human development, etc.--air on an increasingly regular basis not only on the niche cable channels (Discovery, The Learning Channel [TLC], and The History Channel) but also occasionally on the networks (ABC, NBC, and especially Fox). "Hybrid" productions are also quite common, where good information is freely mixed with pseudoscience. Mysteries of the Pyramids offered pseudoarchaeological propositions side by side with reasonable deductions about pyramids, and the transition between the two styles was seamless. A viewer lacking previous knowledge about the sites presented or how archaeology works would not necessarily see any distinction between rational deductions drawn from observable evidence, baseless speculations, and ideologically driven pseudoscience.

There is little doubt that presenting science (and archaeology) on television is a difficult business. The slow pace of change in scientific thinking, the habitual lack of consensus among academics about details, and the often complex nature of the arguments involved place special pressures on producers. For science to work on television, the program needs to tell a story. The best stories are about people, so good science shows usually highlight the human element by focusing on a researcher or team of researchers, interposing expositions of scientific reasoning as an element of the narrative.

In the case of archaeology, there are added difficulties. The unspectacular and painstaking nature of the discipline does not make for particularly scintillating television. For how long will viewers sit through scenes of dirt-sifting amid knee-high ruins? A further problem is that archaeology deals, in essence, with dead people, who somehow have to come alive for the viewers. One solution is to use computer graphics to re-create now-ruined splendors. Such sequences are increasingly de rigueur in the genre. Other newly popular options include having actors portray figures from the past or emphasizing pragmatic considerations an audience can relate to. Michael Barnes, producer of the PBS series Secrets of Lost Empires, assembled teams of archaeologists and engineers to re-create spectacular achievements of ancient technology--building a pyramid, raising an obelisk, and firing a medieval trebuchet. His series kept a human focus on the teams of experts while reanimating the past with a set of ancient but immediate practical problems that demanded solutions. We know the ancients did these things, but how? "Trying something out in practice beats all the armchair talk," says Barnes. There are other ways archaeology can be jazzed up for presentation on television. Compelling hooks emphasize the "mysteries," "secrets," and "treasures" of now-lost worlds.

Unfortunately, the format favored by television archaeology perfectly suits the exponents of fringe ideas. For starters, pseudoarchaeologists uniformly present themselves as tackling some terrific mystery or secret of the past, one they claim (often incorrectly) has long baffled specialists. In "solving" this great mystery, pseudoarchaeologists love to strike the pose of the unappreciated genius. There is often the promise of treasure at the end of the quest, the treasure of lost ancient knowledge that somehow will be of value for humankind. The wide-ranging nature of pseudoarchaeological speculations frequently requires visits not to one but to many exotic locations in a single show, as the "argument" jumps from Egypt to Peru to Easter Island, and so on. There is another powerful storytelling feature in this genre, one usually lacking in good archaeological television: a villain. For in many pseudoarchaeology shows, the villain is archaeology itself.

There are plenty of quality television science series that feature excellent coverage of archaeology, such as Nova (PBS), Timewatch (The History Channel), and Secrets of the Dead (PBS), among others. In addition, there are many specials that could be listed here, such as the occasional series on Egypt on Discovery, TLC, or the History Channel that stand largely above reproach. Listed below, then, are those few that specifically address pseudoarchaeology from a critical perspective.

1. The Case of the Ancient Astronauts (BBC/PBS, 1977): complete demolition of Erich von Däniken's ancient-astronauts idea.

2. Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious World (1980): usually skeptical treatment of various mysteries, many of them archaeological.

3. Atlantis Uncovered (BBC/TLC, 1999): critical analysis of the modern Atlantis myth.

4. Atlantis Reborn Again (BBC/TLC, 2001): systematic dismantling of Graham Hancock's propositions about his "Lost Civilization."

5. The Search for Atlantis (A&E, 2001): surprisingly balanced treatment of the Atlantis myth, ancient and modern, that contains some mistakes but is fundamentally sensible; hosted by Ted Danson.

Garrett G. Fagan is associate professor of classics and ancient Mediterranean studies and history at Pennsylvania State University.

Further Reading


Petition: Stop Osmanagich Now !

Say NO to Masonic Bosnia!

Local warlords are undertaking an unprecedented con in the town of Visoko near Sarajevo, Bosnia. In doing so, they are endangering numerous archaeological sites dated back to Neolith as well as some of the possible first traces of human race in Europe.

The unprecedented, uncritical media coverage of this event, provided primarily by government-ran media such as BBC, CBC, Reuters and Fox, serves the purpose of diverging the Bosnian public's attention to making bogus "world history" instead of focusing on the current critical events (B-H Constitution - April 25; Hague trial - closing May 9; Montenegro independence - referendum May 15; Kosovo independence - negotiations ongoing). See more on this on our English Web site: .

No domestic or foreign scientist supports the existence of the "pyramids". According to the independent polls by IFIMES institute, two thirds of Bosnians are firmly against the imposed Constitution. Catholic Church and His Holiness the Pope Benedict XVI himself are strongly against, as well.

The domestic informal group includes corrupted wartime politicians, some of which advise to the Bosnia’s Prime Minister, while others fill seats in the Parliament of Bosnia-Herzegovina, as well as perform other high-profile governmental duties. There are strong indicators that the group has decided to support a project aimed at turning Bosnia’s common-shaped hills into – ancient pyramids!

While publicly expressing their support for Bosnia joining the European integration processes, these politicians practically do all in their power to stop the progress and to smother civilization values in Bosnia, as well as to fill their own pockets already hardened by estimated $6 billion in stolen foreign aid and donations sent to Bosnia during and after the 1992-1996 war.

The executioner's role was assigned to an amateur explorer of “lost civilizations Atlantis and Mu”. Sam Osmanagich is a construction contractor from Texas who came to the US when the Bosnian war started. He has no education whatsoever in any science.

The claims made by this delusional man (who walks-talks-dresses Indiana Jones style) show his complete disrespect for science and scientific method. For instance, he claims publicly that he alone is going to “change the entire history, and the entire science of the mankind”. One of his particularly amusing public statements was that the pyramids were a way for aliens to communicate! He also said that no shaving razor could ever go used up inside a pyramid...

Recently a foundation was founded, and promptly added to budgets at municipal, canton and state levels. It also received all the government-controlled media support one could imagine. The foundation has obtained all the necessary permits despite the public opposition by renowned scientists and professionals. Against this depravity stands Enver Imamovic, a history professor from the U of Sarajevo, as well as the staff from the National Museum of Bosnia-Herzegovina who publicly called the project - a fraud.

The “project” is happening also in spite of the warnings by world-renowned archaeologists such as Professor Bruce Hitchner from Tufts U, USA, and Professor Blagoje Govedarica of U of Hamburg, Germany, that what this greedy group is after are well-known ancient burial sites!

The amateurish diggs of October 2005 have destroyed numerous Neolithic or pre-Neolithic tombs, while the slabs used originally for paving of the graves were presented to the public as “the walls which build the pyramids”. Several complete human skeletons were dug out, and those appeared only briefly in a media report; soon after they simply vanished from the public eye.

As stated in the Foundation's statute (articles 6 and 7), their intended field of operations is not just the Visoko area, but Bosnia and Herzegovina in general. This is a precedent aimed at smothering civilization values in Bosnia. This could mark the beginning of a "Taliban" era in Bosnia, a nation with 3 million people, highly controled media, controlled academia, and above all mafia-style politicians & corrupted judiciary with over 1 million court cases open as we speak...

The Bosnian government at all levels systematically neglects the National Museum (w/o heat and salaries for 10 years!) and other museums around the country. It also virtually strangled the country's academic community so it is now the Europe's last ranked. At the same time, the rulers want to replace the nation’s factual heritage with a fictitious one (“pyramids”). Have we already seen a similar, government-orchestrated destruction of a country’s own civilization values, cultural heritage and scientific potential, somewhere before? You bet - in Afghanistan, during the Taliban regime!


03.05.2006. Introducing the Pyramid of Doom

While researching to write something positive for the Wikipedia entry on the Bosnian Pyramids (I did the Currently Osmanagić states… to …for future generations bit) I noticed something a bit odd about the map. I wondered if I’d calculated the lengths of the wrong triangle. It seems I have made a simple mistake.

The calculation was based on the three pyramids marked in orange. These three pyramids come close to making an equilateral triangle, though with nowhere near the precision claimed by the Bosnian Geodetic Institute. I got these markers from and you can download them from there to check this for yourself with your own copy of Google Earth. I thought these were the locations of the pyramids and, if you look the map shown at shows these are the three locations measured. This blog post would also suggest that the Pyramid of Dragon is identified correctly as it places the pyramid on Bucki gaj.

If you look closely then you can see there’s a ridge between the Pyramids of the Moon and the Dragon. I’ve marked the end of that ridge with the label Bosnian Pyramid of Doom, and you can download the Google Earth bookmark to see it for yourself in 3D. Is it high enough to block a line of site between the pyramids of the Moon and the Dragon? No.

But is is a problem. The Pyramid of Doom is on the end of this long ridge. The pyramid of the Dragon is distinctively on its own hill. So how do you make sense of this diagram at Wikipedia, which is used by the official site? I made the mistake of assuming that the Pyramid of the Dragon, being under a large hill, was stationary. It looks like Osmanagić has discovered the world’s first mobile monumental prehistoric pyramid*.

What happens to the triangle if you use the Pyramid of Doom position as the third vertex? Then the Moon - Doom baseline is far, far too short to make an equilateral triangle. It’s not even remotely close, which again suggests that Bucki gaj is the Pyramid of Dragon. It does leave the problem of an imposter pyramid on the official guides though.

Next week it’s the Bosnian Pyramid of the Molehill - and I’m not sure if I’m joking yet.

*This would explain how the Bosnian pyramids got to Egypt and Mexico. In one stroke the lack of Bosnian artefacts is explained as they were built in Visoko and then moved to their new locations. We also now know why the Egyptian pyramids were smaller. You wouldn’t want to move a larger pyramid would you? The Mexican pyramids were even smaller, but then they had further to go.

03.05.2006. Bosnia may boast Europe's first pyramid

Apr. 28, 2006 at 3:53PM

Experts may be skeptical but an archaeologist's claims he has found Europe's first pyramid began attracting tourists to a town near Sarajevo.
The town of Visoko is home to Europe's only pyramid, or at least that is what a Bosnian amateur archaeologist would like us believe, London's Independent wrote Friday.
Whether the 45-year-old Semir Osmanagic is right or not, he has certainly started a craze.
The man now known as the Balkan Indiana Jones said he believes there are pyramids under two nearby hills as well. "Nature does not make such shapes and they have to be man-made," Osmanagic said.
Teams are digging to see if they will run into stone blocks below the slopes of the hill. Experts from Egypt are expected to join them within weeks.
Meanwhile, a local hotel was named Pyramid of Sun, and a nearby pizza joint serves meals on triangular wooden platters. T-shirts with the imaginary pyramid are sold in the streets.
Osmanagic, whose main qualification is 15 years spent studying pyramids in Latin America, is convinced that under the 2,050-foot Visoko hill is a giant step pyramid, which would be the first discovered in Europe. He says it is 772-feet high, one-third taller than the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt.


Neolithic monuments : Silbury Hill UK

Silbury Hill, part of the complex of Neolithic monuments around Avebury in Wiltshire (which includes the West Kennet long barrow), is the tallest prehistoric man-made mound in Europe and one of the world's largest. On a base covering over 2 hectares (5 acres), it rises 39.6m (130ft) high. It is a display of immense technical skill and prolonged control over labour and resources. Archaeologists calculate that Silbury Hill was built about 4600 years ago and that it took 18 million man-hours to dump and shape 248,000 cubic metres (8.75 million cu ft) of earth on top of a natural hill. Every man, woman and child in Britain today could together build such a mound if they each contributed one bucketful of earth.
The base of the monument is 167m (550ft) in diameter and it is perfectly round. Its summit is flat-topped and 30m (100ft) wide. We know that the construction took two phases: soon after work was started, a re-design was ordered, and the mound enlarged. It is constructed in steps, each step being filled in with packed chalk, and then smoothed off. There have been three excavations of the mound: the first when a team of Cornish miners led by the Duke of Northumberland sunk a shaft from top to bottom in 1776, another in 1849 when a tunnel was dug from the edge into the centre, and a third in 1968-70 when professor Richard Atkinson had another tunnel cut into the base. Nothing has ever been found on Silbury Hill: at its core there is only clay, flints, turf, moss, topsoil, gravel, freshwater shells, mistletoe, oak, hazel, sarsen stones, ox bones, and antler tines.
Moses B.Cotworth, at the beginning of this century, stated that Silbury was a giant sundial to determine seasons and the true length of the year. More recently, the writer Michael Dames has identified Silbury Hill as the winter goddess but he finally acknowledges that the monument remains a stupendous enigma.
According to legend, this is the last resting place of King Sil, sitting on a fabled golden horse. Another legend states that the mound holds a lifesize solid gold statue of King Sil and yet a third, that the Devil was carrying an apron of soil to drop on the citizens of Marlborough, but he was stopped by the priests of nearby Avebury.

03.05.2006. The Bosnian Pyramid = NO!

The Bosnian Pyramid


The Bosnian Pyramid, Visocica Hill, is the first European pyramid to be discovered

New confirmation about findings in Bosnia’s Valley of Pyramids
Bosnian Geodetic Institute (Geodetski Zavod BiH) is confirmed previous findings of the Foundation Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun .
‘If we connect a top of the pyramids (Sun, Moon, Dragon) by drawing a line. We can see that distance is equal. This lines are forming triangle. Sides of the triangle have equal lengths.’
Angles of this triangle are 60 degrees exactly (not any minute difference).
No. Using the map data from the Bosnian Pyramid site I get measurements of Sun –> Moon 2038m, Moon –> Dragon 2229m and Sun –> Dragon 2177m. If the pyramids do form an equilateral triangle then the Bosnian Geodetic Institute seem to have discovered the first equilateral triangle with non-equal sides.
Length of the edges of the Bosnian Pyramid of Sun is 365 metars (???)
Half of the pyramid is under a massive hill. IF there is a pyramid beneath that hill you simply cannot yet measure the sides without making huge assumptions, and the accuracy of 365 metres is utterly spurious. It was remarkably forward thinking of the builders to metres.
Comparisons between the pyramidal complexes in Egypt and Mexico have revealed that the Bosnian pyramid is 220m high; the Great Pyramid measures 145m, while the highest pyramid in the Mexican complex is 75m.
Bosnian explorer Semir Osmanagić, who discovered the pyramidal structure in Bosnia believes that all three pyramids were constructed during the same period, with the Bosnian pyramid the last to be built. Visocica is one third higher than the Great Pyramid in Egypt, which is itself one third higher than that in Mexico. He believes that they could even have all been built by the same peoples.
We cannot date the Egyptian pyramids to the exact year, nor the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan, but even if we have error bars of a few centuries then there’s still no overlap. The Mayan pyramids are roughly two millennia older (oops!) younger than the Egyptian pyramids. Add in the lack of Mayan artefacts in Egypt and vice versa and the lack of either in Bosnia and there’s a big problem which hand-waving won’t solve.
As a note the height of the Great Pyramid in Egypt is about 138m, but that’s not the original height because the uppermost stones are missing. The height of the Pyramid of the Sun is about 65m. If the Great Pyramid of Egypt were one-third higher than the Pyramid of the Sun it would be about 87m high. Even with his own measurements there’s no accuracy.
One possible reason for the inaccuracy is that the mapping seems to have been done by M C Escher. Look at the map below from their map pages and see if you can make sense of it.
If he’s consistently talking rubbish about the stuff which can be checked then there’s no reason to assume he’s talking any sense about things which can’t be checked. I’m told there’s a lot of genuine archaeological remains associated with Bosnian history on the hill which could be trashed. A lot of it was already destroyed in the recent war so why would someone want to do this?
Invidual or cooperate donations in a form of cheques or money orders from different countries, can be sent directly to:
Fondacija Arheološki park: Bosanska piramida Sunca
I hope it’s worth it.


USA TODAY: Bosnian hill may have pyramid

By Aida Cerkez-Robinson, Associated Press

VISOKO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — With eyes trained to recognize pyramids hidden in the hills of El Salvador, Mexico and Peru, Semir Osmanagic has been drawn to the mound overlooking this central Bosnian town.
"It has all the elements: four perfectly shaped slopes pointing toward the cardinal points, a flat top and an entrance complex," he said, gazing at the hill and wondering what lies beneath.

No pyramids are known in Europe, and there is no evidence any ancient civilization there ever attempted to build one.

But Osmanagic, a Bosnian archaeologist who has spent the last 15 years studying the pyramids of Latin America, suspects there is one here in his Balkan homeland.

Science snapshot

In this week's story, Dan Vergano explains why it may have been better to be the hunted rather than the hunter for humanity's ancestors.

"We have already dug out stone blocks which I believe are covering the pyramid," he said. "We found a paved entrance plateau and discovered underground tunnels. You don't have to be an expert to realize what this is."

Osmanagic, 45, who now lives in Houston, is personally financing excavations at the Visocica hill, a 2,120-foot hump outside Visoko, a town about 20 miles northwest of the capital, Sarajevo.

He learned about the hill in April from Senad Hodovic, director of a museum devoted to the history of Visoko, which is rich in Bronze Age and medieval artifacts. Hodovic had attended a promotion of an Osmanagic book about ancient civilizations and thought he would like to see Visoko's pyramid-shaped hill.

When the pair climbed the hill, the sweeping view revealed a second, smaller pyramid-shaped hill. It reminded Osmanagic of pairs of pyramids he has seen in Latin America that together create a gateway into a valley.

After obtaining a permit to research the site, which is protected by the state as a national monument, the first probes of the main hill were carried out this summer at six points. Nadja Nukic, a geologist involved in the research, said she found 15 anomalies suggesting that some layers of the hill were manmade.

"We found layers of what we call 'bad concrete,' a definitely unnatural mixture of gravel once used to form blocks with which this hill was covered," Osmanagic said.

"The hill was already there," he added. "Some ancient civilization just shaped it and then coated it with this primitive concrete — and there you have a pyramid."

Small-scale excavations continued until early November, when winter set in, with the work focusing on what Osmanagic theorizes may have been the entrance to a pyramid-shaped temple.

Osmanagic believes the hill was shaped by the Illyrian people, who inhabited the Balkan peninsula long before Slavic tribes conquered it around A.D. 600. Little is known about the Illyrians, but Osmanagic thinks they were more sophisticated than many experts have suggested.

Nukic, who has walked up and down the hill several times, said she noticed symmetrical platforms in the slopes — indentations that Osmanagic believes are steps built into the pyramid.

A local businessman who bought a lot at the foot of the hill and brought in a bulldozer to dig the foundation for a house, meanwhile, unearthed manmade sandstone plates that the archeologists think may have been paving stones.

Anthropologists say the Visoko valley already offers ample evidence of organized human settlements dating back 7,000 years. The town was Bosnia's capital during the Middle Ages, and German archaeologists working the valley recently found 24,000 Neolithic artifacts just three feet below the surface.

Osmanagic is taking a cautious approach about the hill.

"No fast conclusions, please. The evidence has to be firm, at least beyond a reasonable doubt," he said.

"Not that I don't believe in a pyramid here," he added. "This place was always called 'Pyramid' by the local population. But we have to prove that this is not a natural shape."

He thinks, however, that the shape of the hill speaks for itself.

"God can make many things, but such perfectly geometrically formed slopes, pointing exactly toward the north, south, east and west — if he did that, well, that's phenomenal itself."


THE ART NEWS PAPER /London/ : Amateur to dig on site of medieval capital in search of Bosnia's own Valley of the Kings

By Lucian Harris

Mayor of Sarajevo and other officials greenlight bizarre and potentially destructive project

Posted 15 April 2006

A Texan businessman says Europe’s earliest civilisation built four pyramids in Bosnia 14,000 years ago

LONDON. The bizarre claims of Semir “Sam” Osmanagic, a Texas-based businessman who believes he has discovered four pyramids at Visoko in Bosnia, are causing serious concern among Bosnian archaeologists and academics as official and popular support mounts for a five-year excavation programme, due to begin this month.

Volunteers have been invited to assist in the excavation of a 2,120-foot hill in one of the country’s most archaeologically rich regions, on top of which lie the protected remains of Bosnia’s medieval royal capital Visoki.

The prospect of their own Valley of the Kings has captured the imagination of many Bosnians desperate for a way to boost the shattered economy and raise the national pride of a country racked by conflict.

Opponents of the project are, however, horrified at the prospect of irreparable damage to an area they believe is important enough to be a tourist attraction without a pyramid, yet warrants further archaeological research. Enver Imamovic of the University of Sarajevo, a former director of the National Museum of Sarajevo, said that the excavations would “irreversibly destroy a national treasure”, while another Bosnian archaeologist told The Art Newspaper that it would be like “letting a group of amateurs dig around Stonehenge”.

Mr Osmanagic, 45, who lives in Houston, Texas, is a Bosnian industrial contractor with a penchant for crypto-archaeology and a taste for Indiana Jones, who has spent 15 years researching pyramids around the world. He was shown Visoko hill by a local museum director in April 2005 and obtained permission to carry out small scale excavations there. Geological and thermal imaging tests as well as the discovery of large stone slabs and tunnel-like holes led Mr Osmanagic to declare that the hill was a man-made pyramid. He ascribed its construction to the Ilyrian people who occupied the area before the Slavs, dating it to 12,000 BC, a conclusion that would make Bosnia the site of Europe’s earliest civilisation.

At the time, Professor Imamovic told reporters that skeletons found near the slabs suggested a medieval necropolis. “People were still living in caves at the time that Osmanagic claims that the pyramids were built,” he said.

Mr Osmanagic has shrugged off such dissent, couching the announcement of the discovery in colourful imagery, renaming the area as the Bosnian Valley of the Pyramids, and four individual hills as the pyramids of the Sun, the Moon, the Earth, and the Bosnian dragon. To co-ordinate the project he formed the Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun Foundation, which in January announced a five-year plan of work on the site, including excavation and “reconstruction” and immediate facilities for tourist access.

Mr Osmanagic told The Art Newspaper that the expected budget for the first year was around e300,000 ($358,000). Corporate sponsorship has grown rapidly and a series of promotional events have been arranged for the launch of the excavation on 14 April, set to include a concert by a popular rock group and a series of pyramid-themed art installations.

Meanwhile, Mr Osmanagic’s categorical insistence on the existence of pyramids built by an ancient Balkan civilisation has aroused nationalistic passions that have led critics to fear being branded anti-patriotic. The authors of an online petition to “Stop Osmanagic now!” identify themselves only as a “group of independent intellectuals”. They claim that Mr Osmanagic’s foundation, which is registered as an non-governmental organisation, has close links with the Muslim Party for Democratic Action (SDA), and point out that Zlatko Hurtic, economic adviser to the Bosnian Prime Minister Adnan Terzic, is named as an advisor. They also claim that the project has the backing of SDA politician Hasan Cengic, one of the most powerful men in Bosnia, who has been linked to the arms trade.

The Bosnian media and authorities have been remarkably uncritical, focusing mainly on the prosperity that the pyramids might bring. On 11 March, the Bosnian Federal News Agency ran a letter of support for the project from the mayor of Sarajevo, Mrs Semiha Borovac, who stressed that the discovery would bring money and jobs to Bosnia, and called on the citizens of Bosnia not to interfere with the project in a way that could make it harder “on explorers who are facing a brave and serious task”.

Opponents say that such blind delusion is a symptom of post-war Bosnia. “Our system is to blame, our institutions, which are not doing anything,” said Professor Imamovic. “It is sad that a dreamer is allowed to conduct on-field research without any control. This is the equivalent of letting me, an archaeologist, perform surgery in hospitals.”



S. O'BRIEN: A world wonder hiding under a hill. That's what a team of scientists in Bosnia are looking into right now. The search there for three pyramids has transformed a tiny town. CNN's Chris Burns has our story from just outside of Seriavo.


CHRIS BURNS, CNN CORRESPONDENT, (voice over): Bosnian American Sam Osmanagic is an overnight hero in his homeland. In a country devastated by war, the Houston businessman brings hope, claiming he's discovered Europe's first known pyramids, including the world's largest. Having studied Latin American pyramids for 15 years, Osmanagic has mobilized locals here into an army of excavators. Coal miners, grave diggers, farmers, the unemployed. Osmanagic pays about a third of them. The rest are volunteers.

SAM OSMANAGIC, BUSINESSMAN/EXPLORER: All the skepticism will be gone. (INAUDIBLE). They're flying over in the airplane and you see the pyramid walls. What else you can say?

BURNS: Well, some would just say this is just a rock base. It is a mountain. It's got some rock bases.

OSMANAGIC: It can be. It can be. We get the geologists today. Once they see that they're saying it was man-made. It was brought here.

BURNS: And it goes deep underground, too. Osmanagic claims this tunnel leads to three pyramids of the sun, the moon and the dragon. He's got his own pyramid mania headquarters, website and web-cams. With his trademark hat, Osmanagic is revered here as a movie star.


BURNS: But you're a "Raider of the Lost Ark" here, aren't you?

OSMANAGIC: Yes. It was long lost. Now this here -- the great values here which we're going to show to the world.

BURNS: Souvenir vendors aren't waiting for proof. There are pyramid t-shirts, key chains, wood carvings, postcards. All the hype has fueled its own industry. What was once the Hollywood Hotel is now the pyramid of the sun. All while Osmanagic, armed with satellite imaging, toils to attract donors and neutralize skeptics.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It will be great if it's a pyramid.

BURNS: And what if it isn't?

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Well, that would be a scandal.

BURNS: A Bosnian-American former U.S. soldier, now helping Osmanagic, says even he is skeptical but sees a better good in the effort.

AMER SMAILBEGOVIC, GEOPHYSICIST: I'd rather be digging up here and discovering a pyramid and using all the science in order to find something than looking for mass graves.

BURNS: If anything, the Bosnian Texan has gotten his shattered homeland to think big and to dream.

Chris Burns, CNN, Visoko, Bosnia-Herzegovina.


Gabriela Lukacs, first volunteer in Visoko :

Answer to the critics
May 2 2006 Answer to the critics

People keep going to Visoko to help and be part of this unique and gigantic project. This discovery has already changed the image we all have from Bosnia.
There are great people working together hand in hand, with shovel and brush cleaning stones from aeons of dirt, bringing forth a culture with achievements we cannot even image, let alone copy.

No wonder the mainstream archaeologists cannot accept the fact that there is a pyramid under our feet. Built from scratch. With huge breccia stone-plates, neatly put together, over various layers of enormous stoneblocks. A pyramid of 220m height, being the tallest man made construction in the world – so far.
Made by people who did not leave us a written note about it.

The mainstream archaeologists claim their right to investigate the place for Illyrian remains, before this “wild excavation of Mr.O” is allowed to destroy the roman ruins and medieval walls.

Pls.come to Visoko and check yourself that everything is documented carefully. There is a live camera on site for your convenience! And once you are in Visoko pls. go to the local museum. Director Senad will be more than happy to show you hundreds of boxes filled with 24.000 pieces of archaeological excavation done by the german university of Kiel in 2005 in Okoliste near Visoko (see link below for further investigation). The boxes fill the hallway of the museum and need to be analized, documented, mapped, screened and put together. This is the time and place to show your concern, if you really mean it. At least 24.000 objects have been rescued for your qualified studies.

Posted by Gabriela Lukacs, first volunteer in Visoko 11 April 2006

Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel

posted by Butterflies and Bunnyrabbits


The Times : 'wacky theories about “hidden mysteries”...'

25, 2006
Bosnia's rich heritage

President, European Association of Archaeologists

Sir, Stories about hidden pyramids in deepest Bosnia being investigated by “hobby archaeologists” (“Indiana Jones of the Balkans”, April 15), may appeal to those for whom the dry facts of archaeology hold little attraction, but they also do little to assist the cause of heritage protection in that beautiful but unlucky country.
Professional archaeologists in the former Yugoslavia, and in international organisations such as the European Association of Archaeologists, have known about these claims for some time, and various “scientific” reports are available in the public domain.
In most countries of Europe those with wacky theories about “hidden mysteries” on presumed archaeological sites are free to propound them but not to undertake excavation, which by its very nature destroys much of what it uncovers; let alone excavation by those unqualified in terms of training and experience.
According to your report there are indeed archaeological sites on the hill in question — Illyrian (Iron Age), Roman and Medieval; yet the work underway or planned makes no mention of what steps will be taken to safeguard them, and other potential sites as yet undiscovered, from inappropriate earthmoving or other investigations.
The situation of professional heritage management in Bosnia-Herzegovina is, since the Bosnian war, in a poor state, with a tiny number of people trying to do what they can to protect their rich heritage from looting and unmonitored or unauthorised development. It adds insult to injury when rich outsiders can come in and spend large sums pursuing their absurd theories (the construction of a colossal pyramid so large that it dwarfs even those of Egypt or Mesoamerica? 12,000 years ago?), in ways that most other countries would never countenance, instead of devoting their cash to the preservation of the endangered genuine sites and monuments in which Bosnia-Herzegovina abounds.

President, European Association of Archaeologists



Could this hill be hiding Europe's first known pyramid?

Amateur archaeologist Semir Osmanagic recently announced that he has uncovered proof that a four-sided hill in the town of Visoko, Bosnia, is an ancient manmade structure.

On Wednesday Osmanagic said he and his team unearthed large, cut stone slabs on a side of the hill that form the outer surface of an ancient pyramid (see inset photo).

"These are the first uncovered walls of the pyramid," Osmanagic told the Associated Press. "We can see the surface is perfectly flat. This is the crucial material proof that we are talking pyramids."

The discovery comes at the beginning of a six-month excavation at the site. The Bosnian-born Osmanagic hopes the dig will support his theory that an ancient people built a 722-foot (220-meter) step pyramid there some 12,000 years ago.

Last week the dig team, along with geologists and rescue workers from a nearby coal mine, also began exploring a tunnel under the 2,210-foot (650-meter) hill that Osmanagic believes may lead to two similarly shaped hills nearby.

Egyptian scientists are scheduled to join the excavation in about a month to offer their expertise.

"It will be a very exciting archaeological spring and summer," Osmanagic said.

—Blake de Pastino
april 20, 2006—


30. of April 2006: BLOB, CNN, BBC...

In Visoko arrived today Victoriom Bennets and her team from BBC UK. They want to see the plateau and the north-east side of the pyramid. Between 27th and 30th May they are going to make a documentary about the first eurpean pyramid together with Sam Osmanagic.


April 27, 2006.: The Bosnia-Atlantis Connection

by Mark Rose, executive and online editor of ARCHAEOLOGY

Frenzied reporting of supposed pyramids in the Balkans ignores the truth and embraces the fantastic.
The world's oldest and largest pyramid found in Bosnia? It sounds incredible. The story has swept the media, from the Associated Press and the BBC, from papers and websites in the U.S. to those in India and Australia. Too bad that it is not a credible story at all. In fact, it is impossible. Who is the "archaeologist" who has taken the media for a ride? Why did the media not check the story more carefully? ARCHAEOLOGY will address these questions in depth in our next issue, July/August, but for now let's at least put the lie to the claims emanating from Visoko, the town 20 miles northwest of Sarajevo where the "Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun" is located.
Semir (Sam) Osmanagic, a Houston-based Bosnian-American contractor first saw the hills he believes to be pyramids last spring. He is now digging the largest of them and plans to continue the work through November, promoting it as the largest archaeological project underway in Europe. (His call for volunteers even slipped into the Archaeological Institute of America's online listing of excavation opportunities briefly before being yanked.) He claims it is one of five pyramids in the area (along with what he calls the pyramids of the Moon, Earth, and Dragon, plus another that hasn't been named in any account I've seen). These, he says, resemble the 1,800-year-old pyramids at Teotihuacan, just north of Mexico City. Osmanagic maintains that the largest is bigger than the pyramid of Khufu at Giza, and that the Bosnian pyramids date to 12,000 B.C.

Construction of massive pyramids in Bosnia at that period is not believable. Curtis Runnels, a specialist in the prehistory of Greece and the Balkans at Boston University, notes that "Between 27,000 and 12,000 years ago, the Balkans were locked in the last Glacial maximum, a period of very cold and dry climate with glaciers in some of the mountain ranges. The only occupants were Upper Paleolithic hunters and gatherers who left behind open-air camp sites and traces of occupation in caves. These remains consist of simple stone tools, hearths, and remains of animals and plants that were consumed for food. These people did not have the tools or skills to engage in the construction of monumental architecture."

But time and again the media reports say that Osmanagic has spent 15 years studying the pyramids of Latin America. What is not included in the reports is how Osmanagic interprets those structures and the cultures that built them. Had anyone bothered to investigate, they would have found rather bizarre notions in Osmanagic's book The World of the Maya (Gorgias Press, Euphrates imprint, 2005; $29.95). I had a look at the online edition of it (accessible on Osmanagic's "Alternative History" website at

A couple of brief passages will convey the gist of Osmanagic's beliefs:

Ordinary watchmakers repair our watches and put them into accordance with Earthly time. It is my theory that the Maya should be considered watchmakers of the cosmos whose mission it is to adjust the Earthly frequency and bring it into accordance with the vibrations of our Sun. Once the Earth begins to vibrate in harmony with the Sun, information will be able to travel in both directions without limitation. And then we will be able to understand why all ancient peoples worshipped the Sun and dedicated their rituals to this. The Sun is the source of all life on this planet and the source of all information and knowledge. ...And with a frequency in harmony, the Earth will, via the Sun, be connected with the center of our Galaxy. These facts become exceptionally important when we realize that we are rapidly approaching December 2012, a date which the Maya have marked as the time of arrival of the Galactic Energy Cluster which will enlighten us.

The descendants of the Maya, the Lacandon Indians in Chiapas were discovered in the mid-twentieth century. This isolated community showed a surprising similarity to the Basque and Berber peoples (most probable descendants of the natives of Atlantis).... In the sacred Mayan book, the Popul Vuh, there are descriptions of cosmic travelers, the use of the compass, the fact that the Earth is round, and knowledge of the secrets of the universe.... The Mayan hieroglyphics tell us that their ancestors came from the Pleiades... first arriving at Atlantis where they created an advanced civilization.

Many cultures around the world, from India, Sumeria, Egypt, Peru, the Indians of North and Central America, the Inca and the Maya, call themselves the "Children of the Sun" or the "children of light." Their ancestors, the civilizations of Atlantis and Lemuria, erected the first temples on energy potent point of the Planet. Their most important function was to serve as a gateway to other worlds and dimensions.

And there it is. A self-described archaeologist, who believes the Maya and others are descended from Atlanteans who came from the Pleiades, has been accepted as a legitimate researcher by many news outlets. His ideas of early pyramids in Bosnia, which is simply not possible, has been accepted as a major discovery. How could this happen?

If you want to categorize this farce, it seems a standard-issue "amateur/maverick confounds establishment with great discovery" story, which no doubt makes it appealing to uncritical reporters looking for a big story. This kind of tale is a staple of the pseudoarchaeology or fantastic archaeology genre. And the term "pyramidiot" has been applied to those obsessed with pyramids and who offer strange interpretations of them on websites and in books and televsion programs. (See "Seductions of Pseudoarchaeology: Far Out Television").

Such stories infuriate serious scholars like Runnels. "These reports are irresponsible on the part of journalists," he says. "These claims are completely unsupported with any kind of factual evidence, such as artifacts or photographs of the alleged architectures. They have not been confirmed by archaeologists who have the training and competence to evaluate them. The person making the claims appears to have no training in archaeology and has not presented his finds in a way that would allow them to be scrutinized by trained experts. This is simply sensationalism and grandstanding and the journalists who have reported on these claims, without first fact-checking the stories with professional archaeologists, should be ashamed of themselves. People who believe these stories, especially when they are presented without evidence, are fools."

Some in the academic establishment have spoken out. They maintain that the kind of project Osmanagic is running is far worse than just misleading the gullible public. Following a report about Osmanagic in the London Times, Anthony Hardy, president European Association of Archaeologists, wrote the editors, "The situation of professional heritage management in Bosnia-Herzegovina is, since the Bosnian war, in a poor state, with a tiny number of people trying to do what they can to protect their rich heritage from looting and unmonitored or unauthorised development. It adds insult to injury when rich outsiders can come in and spend large sums pursuing their absurd theories (the construction of a colossal pyramid so large that it dwarfs even those of Egypt or Mesoamerica? 12,000 years ago?), in ways that most other countries would never countenance, instead of devoting their cash to the preservation of the endangered genuine sites and monuments in which Bosnia-Herzegovina abounds."

Others fear that Osmanagic's excavations will damage real sites (the hill he calls the "Pyramid of the Sun" is said to have medieval, Roman, and Illyrian remains on it). In one of the few critical accounts of the Bosnian pyramid story, which appeared in the Art Newspaper, the University of Sarejevo's Enver Imamovic, a former director of the National Museum in Sarjevo, is quoted as saying, "This is the equivalent of letting me, an archaeologist, perform surgery in hospitals."

There is public outcry within Bosnia, and an online petition that seeks to shut down Osmanagic's project. But he apparently has backers within the federal government and the Sarejevo city government. Whether he is allowed to continue or not is unresolved for now, and his website makes no mention of any controversy. And even when the mainstream media catch up and realize that the "Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun" is no such thing, it will have entered the annals of fantastic archaeology and will have a multitude of believers and defenders.

Mark Rose is executive and online editor of ARCHAEOLOGY.
© 2006 by the Archaeological Institute of America


14 of April 2006.: Digging starts

Digging starts on 'Europe's first pyramids' in Bosnia
Written by Admin
Friday, 14 April 2006

A team of experts started digging at the site of a 3.8-kilometer (2.3-mile) tunnel believed to lead to one of the two structures resembling pyramids, about 30 kilometers from the Bosnian capital. As residents of the nearby town of Visoko eagerly watched, digging also began on one of ten 20-by-50 meter (65-by-165 foot) wells on the lower slopes of a hill.
Last year explorer Semir Osmanagic started initial probes in the area convinced that the two "constructions" were the work of builders from an unknown civilization who shaped the hill into a 'step pyramid' then coated it with a kind of primitive concrete.

The explorers, who are expected to be joined by an Egyptian archaeologist and a geologist, hope to find stone blocks, or the steps of the "pyramids".

Osmanagic says that the two structures are precisely aligned with the compass to the four corners of the world. Visocica Hill, which Osmanagic refers to as the "Bosnian pyramid of the sun", stands some 220 meters high.

He says that he sees astonishing similarities between the structures and Mexican pyramids dating back to about AD 200, which also come in pairs, one believed to represent the Sun and the other the Moon. The excavation work led by the foundation "The Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun" that gathers local archaeologists will last for 200 days, and is expected to cost some $150,000.


April 2006.: Motel Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun

Motel Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun
Written by Admin
Friday, 07 April 2006

Motel is located in the center of Visoko. At the entrance to the Motel Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun You will be welcomed by our forthcoming personnel who will give You all the necessary information in order to make Your stay a pleasant one.
Motel Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun has 8 single bed rooms, 10 double bed rooms and 10 triple bed rooms with separate beds. The motel is brand new, the rooms are modern and comfortable. Aside from a bathroom rooms also have a telephone and cable television.
The price for the single bed room is 40 KM, double 80 KM and triple 100 KM. Breakfast is included. Larger groups of people and children get a discount. If You are stopping in Visoko just to spend a day we offer a living room service at the price of 30 KM.
Dining in our restaurant situated at the sixth floor You will be able to enjoy a fascinating view of the Pyramid of the Sun. You too are going to be part of the mystery and wonders happening in this region that are reaching deep into the past.



Written by Admin
Friday, 07 April 2006

Leading pyramid experts from Egypt will visit the archaeological site in Visoko in May and August this year at the invitation by the “Archaeological Park: the Bosnian Pyramid of Sun” Foundation.
Head of the Egyptian Archaeology Department at the Ain Shems University PhD Shafia Bedir and PhD Ali Abdallah Berekat will visit BiH.

They will spend four weeks working with their BiH colleagues at the site of the Bosnian Pyramid of Sun in an effort to confirm scientific results.

“We are very pleased with the results of talks held with our Egyptian colleagues. Egypt is famous for its pyramids. They have acted as true gentlemen in deciding to take part in the international verification of our research”, Foundation Steering Board member Senad Hodovic said.


March 2006.: LINANAL confirms existence of pyramids

Satellite detector LINANAL confirms existence of pyramids in Bosnia

«Archeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun» Foundation performed another high-tech analysis of the Visocica hill – first European pyramid – in the town of Visoko, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Automatic satellite detector of linear anomalies named LINANAL was used by the Foundation geophysicists to determine that internal angles measure approximately 45 degrees confirming a hypothesis that the hill is an enormous artificial structure. There is a symmetrical access plateau on the west side characteristic of pyramid structure.

Semir Osmanagić, Chair of the Foundation Steeering Committee said:» Precise topographic information of the BiH Institute of Geography were processed in the automatic satellite program. Such a professional and systematic approach to research will definitely be a guideline for future arechological projects in BiH and beyond. It is a combination of classic geo-archeological methods and the most modern satellite technology.»

In the Foundation it is believed that only a multidisciplinary approach with scientific arguments, which may be tested at the international level, should be used to successfully implement the Bosnian Pyramid Project. Therefore, in addition to archeologists, the team is composed of geologists, sedimentologists, geophysicists, petrologists, geomechanists, surveyors, mineralogists, paleontologists and historians, whose expertise and enthusiasm will contribute to creation of unique phenomenon.


March2006.: Project open to every well-meaning person


Excavation, renovation and permanent protection of the Bosnian Pyramids Valley is a project open to every well-meaning person who wants to be a part of this major historical-archeological open air program.

Voluntary work will last throughout the Project, from April 14 2006 to October 10 2006, from 8.00 -16.00. Archeological site will be accessible seven days a week. Volunteering days may be selected (for example, only on weekends or certain number of days).

The following voluntary activities will be available:

1. Excavation and cleaning of the pyramid walls, access plateau and underground tunnel complex.
Approximately 15 cm is planned to be removed from two sides of pyramids (west and east). Stone blocks and access stairs are to be cleaned. Due to soil erosion and deposits on the south and east side, monoliths are covered with dirt as high as 2,5 meters, and it will take more work to remove them.

Clearing of the underground tunnels will be supervised by experts, and the activities will include removal of dirt, gravel and stones from the filled tunnels and their carting away outside the entrance, near Ravne area.

Before they start with their activities, volunteers will attend archeology classes, receive a name tag, and Certificate of Participation in the Excavation of the Bosnian Sun Pyramid after they finish volunteering. Every morning volunteers will be provided with transportation from the meeting point in Visoko to Visocica plateau, that is Ravne. All volunteers will be provided with lunch.

During the first two months, April and May, volunteers with accommodation will have a priority (for example, volunteers living in Visoko, Sarajevo, Zenica or around Visoko). Notice to potential volunteers without accommodation will be issued before the exacavation phase.

2. Volunteer positions on the archeological site of the Bosnian Sun Pyramids plateau:
- vistors' guide
- reception office for the Project participants
- selling of the Foundation posters, books and postcards
- facilitating distribution of lunch

3. Volunteer positions in other locations in BiH:

- registering and data gathering on pre-historical stone balls from all over BiH
- registering and photographing pre-historical metal rings in BiH

4. Expert volunteers in the Bosnian Sun Pyramid area:

- archeologists
- geologists
- geophysicists
- speleologists
- paleontologists
- professional geodesists
- land surveyors (and assistants)
- licensed radiesthesists (locating undergound water sources)
- other relevant professions which could contribute to the pyramids complex



Statements made by the most prominent archeologists from all over the world

R. Bruce Hitchner, PhD: "I looked closely at the geological and satellite analysis of the Bosnian pyramids. My impression is that they may be monumental elite tombs from the pre-Roman period, or even the Roman period. Visoko was very important pre-Roman local center and Roman town afterwards."

R. Bruce Hitchner, PhD
Chair of Department of Classics and Director of Archeology Program at Tufts University, USA

Dr. Zahi Havass: "It is quite possible there are pyramids in Bosnia. The fact that artefacts older than 7000 years have been found near Visoko does not imply that the pyramids are of the same age. Mr. Osmanagic needs to dig deeper to unearth reliable evidence of the pyramids' age."

Dr. Zahi Hawass,
Head of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities in Giza

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