all about pyramids in Bosnia

19.05.2006. Debunking the Bosnian 'Pyramid'

...And even when the mainstream media catch up and realize that the "Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun" is no such thing, it will have entered the annals of fantastic archaeology and will have a multitude of believers and defenders.

17.05.2006. It´s a pyramid !!!

- Posted on 16 May 2006 by NEWSBot

Yesterday arrived at Visoko Ali Abdullah Berekat, the leading egyptian pyramid expert. He will stay for a month in Visoko to attend the excavations. Already today he was very impressed to see the sandstone blocks and materials.


The New York Times: Some See a 'Pyramid' to Hone Bosnia's Image. Others See a Big Hill.

Published: May 15, 2006

VISOKO, Bosnia and Herzegovina — Semir Osmanagic stopped to shake hands and have his photograph taken with a group of mud-flecked Bosnian villagers, pickaxes in hand, on a steep hillside above this small medieval trading town on a bend of the Bosna River. They have dug away four feet of roots and clay to expose slanted slabs of sedimentary stone.
"Look at that megalith, it's got to weigh 40 tons," Mr. Osmanagic said eagerly, pointing to one of the roughly rectangular-shaped stones. "After so many thousands of years, it is amazing that they are still here."

Mr. Osmanagic, an amateur archaeologist, is convinced that he has discovered a huge ancient pyramid that will rewrite the history of Europe — not to mention that of Bosnia, a country suffering from war recriminations, political divisions and sunken pride. Anthropological genetics, he said, has proved that Bosnia is "the second oldest oasis of life in Europe," and the pyramid proves Bosnia is a source of civilization on the Continent.

"It's not just any pyramid," he said from beneath his flat-crowned Navajo hat, which has led the local press to liken him to Indiana Jones. "It's the biggest pyramid in the world."

Archaeologists and historians inside and outside Bosnia are appalled, insisting it is simply a peculiarly symmetrical bit of geology. But pyramid fever is spreading through the country. Largely uncritical television and newspaper reports have made the photogenic Mr. Osmanagic a national celebrity, and volunteers are flocking to Visoko hoping to help uncover the Pyramid of the Sun, a prehistoric edifice that will redeem the country by giving it a glorious and important past. "After all the blood and mass graves, this gives people something positive to talk about," said Zlatko Bekbic, who came from the northeastern town of Tuzla to see the supposed pyramid.

Asim Islamovic, 67, climbs the steep and slippery hill daily to dig with his toothless wife and middle-aged daughter. He lost a leg during the war that began in 1992, after the province of Bosnia-Herzegovina broke away from Serbian-dominated Yugoslavia. The horrors that followed introduced the world to the term "ethnic cleansing."

"We are changing the image of the whole country," Mr. Islamovic said. "We're showing Bosnia in a good way."

But not everyone is elated. "This isn't a pyramid, it's a bad circus," said Zilka Kujundzic-Vejzagic, a specialist in prehistoric archaeology at the National Museum in Sarajevo. She is one of 21 experts who published an open letter in Bosnian newspapers in April denouncing Mr. Osmanagic's project as bad science and manipulative sociology.

She scoffs at his suggestion that the pyramid is "probably older than the last ice age," saying no humans were even building simple huts then. There is no evidence, she said, that there was ever a civilization in the region organized enough to build such a massive monument. "If there had been a people who could make something like that, we would have found artifacts around it," she said.

Archaeologists in Bosnia have found little more than flint tools from the end of the last ice age and only simple Neolithic settlements that appeared thousands of years after that. The country's most substantial ancient monument is a modest stone city in southern Bosnia built during the third century B.C. by the Illyrians. The Egyptians are believed to have built their pyramids around 3,000 B.C., but even the biggest of them is dwarfed by Mr. Osmanagic's hill, which is 700 feet high.

Ms. Kujundzic-Vejzagic and her peers say that the symmetrical hill that Mr. Osmanagic has seized on was formed when an ancient lake bed buckled from tectonic movement of the earth's crust millions of years ago. As Africa pushed into Europe, geologists say, the flat lake bed broke into shards that were lifted up like pieces of ice at the colliding edge of an ice floe, creating flat-sided hills.

But where archaeologists see geological principles, Mr. Osmanagic sees the grandeur of Bosnian prehistory in which his ancestors built not only the Pyramid of the Sun, but also at least two other giant monuments hidden under grass and trees, which he has named the Pyramids of the Moon and Dragon. These terrestrial lumps, he said, form a triangle.
"Nature could not have created three identical hills in this pattern," he said with matter-of-fact confidence. He tells the daily stream of visitors to his dig that at certain times of year, the shadow of the Pyramid of the Sun moves across the valley and covers the Pyramid of the Moon, "symbolizing that the reign of the sun is over and that of the moon is beginning."

His fans, mostly Bosnian Muslims like himself, include Sulejman Tihic, that group's representative in the country's dysfunctional three-party presidency that includes a Serb and a Croat. While Mr. Osmanagic insists he has broader support, he has little argument with the notion that nationalist pride plays a role in what is happening in Visoko.

"Once you show that you respect your past, people respect you more," he said in slightly accented English, as the pickaxes flew atop his pyramid. "The Bosnian brain is going to excavate this site and show results to the international community."

Visoko, a stronghold of the Bosnian nationalist party, was a major base of the Bosnian Army during the war. The bullet-riddled shell of a bombed-out Serbian house on the south flank of the pyramid-shaped hill attests to the religious tensions that still percolate here.

Nor is it just any hill that Mr. Osmanagic has identified as a prehistoric pyramid. The flat top is the site of a medieval castle that belonged to a 14th-century Christian king, Stefan Tvrtko I, who was buried in a church in the valley below.

Croats identify more with the king and his castle than do Bosnian Muslims, for whom the site is a subtle reminder of Serbian wartime propaganda that claimed there was no such thing as the Bosnian people, arguing that Bosnians were nothing more than Serbs and Croats who switched religions under Turkish occupation hundreds of years ago.

Mr. Osmanagic, 45, studied economics and politics in Sarajevo before moving to Croatia to work in the import and export trade. He left for the United States with his wife and son when the war broke out, and he now owns a metal shop in Houston that makes everything from stainless steel sinks to small copper pyramids that he sells as a novelty item for $40 each — a line that preceded his venture to the Visoko hill.

His true interest, he says, has long been in "the real history of civilization," and over the past 15 years, he repeatedly traveled to Central America to visit the pre-Columbian pyramids there. He wrote a dissertation on Mayan monuments for a doctorate degree at the University of Sarajevo that was published in English. It is full of new-age interpretations of what he saw in the Mayan pyramids. Several other books in his native language have also been published.

While promoting his books in Sarajevo last year, he answered an invitation from the director of the Visoko Historic Heritage Museum to visit the medieval ruins and, he said, quickly recognized the symmetrical hill they sat upon as a pyramid.

Every flat surface, every straight line only confirms his hypothesis. He sees four clearly delineated sides to the Visoko hill, corresponding to the cardinal points. "That was enough to convince me that we are talking about pyramids here," he said, standing on the gentler slope of the hill's west side, the "ceremonial causeway."

Radar analysis, he said, has found "straight hallways" inside the hill that intersect at 90-degree angles. Thermal analysis indicates that the hill dissipates heat more quickly than those around it, he said, as would a pyramid with tunnels inside.

In April, he instructed teams of volunteers to start digging on the slope above the town. They soon hit flat stones, and the mood grew feverish. "When they uncovered the first stone blocks, they were hopping like kids," Mr. Osmanagic said.

The authorities have granted him five years to excavate the site, and he has raised thousands of dollars from the local government and businesses to finance the work. He is trying to get the national government to put the project in its budget next year.

The genius of Mr. Osmanagic's discovery may turn out to be that it is difficult to disprove without a large and costly excavation, allowing an enduring and alluring mythology to grow up around the hill.

A hotel in Visoko has renamed itself the Pyramid Motel, and merchants are doing a brisk business selling miniature Mayan-style pyramids in the shape of the one that Mr. Osmanagic has convinced people lies beneath the wooded slopes.

"You're proof that something has started to move in a positive way," one shop owner, Senar Laletovic, told a visiting reporter. "That alone is interesting."


Butterflies and Bunnyrabbits blog: Breccia stone layers

Wednesday, May 10, 2006

This is an interview with Dr.Stjepan Coric, a bosnian sedimentologist, working at the Austrian head office of geology in Vienna. I showed him a piece of the breccia stones from the excavations of the northern side of Visocica hill.

Dr.Coric can you analize this piece of stone from Visocica hill?

This is breccia as can be found on top of Visocica hill, formed in the Myocene appr.7 Mill.years ago when the Sarajevo-Zenica plain was filled with sweet water. The surrounding hills are non volcanic but sedimentary. The breccia is rather rough with larger pieces of crashed and also round stones pressed together with sand as cement. Some parts show erosion from water diffusing through the layers of soil and grass which are covering the breccia.

When have you been to Visoko and the Visocica hill?

I have studied and cartographed the area in March 2006 before excavations started and could not find major beccia quarries in the vicinity. This observation leads me to the conclusion that the breccia was built by nature in situ, which leads to the next conclusion that Visocica hill as a whole is consisting of breccia. Except the plateau on the west side, which is consisting of sandstone slabs and came down from the mountains by a nature cataclism.

But these sandstone slabs are rectangular with 90°edges?

Sandstone comes in every shape and size and therefore cannot be defined as man made just by its rectangular or square shape.

Also the breccia appears cut and is placed on top of the hill surface in a 45°angle?

Nature can lift or shift breccia plates in any degree. We need to be very careful with our expertise.

When will you be back to Visoko for further investigation?

I will be back by end of June

What exactly will you be investigating?

1.Where is the breccia stone quarry?
2.Is there statistically significant appearence of certain stone slab sizes?
3.What is the size and shape of the breccia stone layers found at the 5 sondages?
4.What is underneath the breccia plates?
5.Are the tunnels natural caves or abandoned mining tunnels?

Can you give us a statement whether this is a pyramid or not?

At this point there is just not enough evidence to make a clear statement for a serious geologist. We need more data, more excavations, more investigations.
I would be happy if I could say this is a pyramid, no doubt, but at this point it is too early.
Interview with Dr.Coric by Mag.Gabriela Lukacs/Vienna.


Grace Fegan: Questions regarding Bosnian pyramid

Date: Mon, 8 May 2006 20:17:46 +0100 (BST)
Subject: Re: Questions regarding Bosnian pyramid
Dear (*izbrisano*)
Thank you for giving me the opportunity to clarify,
once more, my position with regard to this project.
I have been a professional archaeologist since 1998
and am currently working for a private consultancy in
Ireland. In the course of considering summer
volunteer positions on various European excavations I
contacted, among others, Mr Osmanagich. I found his
contact details on the Archaeological Institute of
America website.
Mr Osmanagich later replied that he may be in a
position to offer me a paid staff position, requiring
my presence on site for up to six months. I informed
him that I would need to consider this very carefully
as I am in full-time employment and would find it
difficult to take such extended leave. Mr Osmanagich
said he would contact me with a definitive offer and
also forwarded some information regarding the site.

The information came in the form of two reports, one
was a 'geophysical survey report' (it was unlike any
geophysical report I had ever seen) and the other was
a 'geological report' (ditto). Having looked through
this information it became clear that this project was
dubious at best. I did some searching on the web and
realised that Mr Osmanagich had no affiliations to any
academic body, and was not a qualified archaeologist.

My mistake at this point was not emailing him
immediately to inform him that I would not be taking

Before I knew it an article had appeared in an Irish
newspaper, stating that I was going to be taking part
in this Bosnian pyramid project. The article stated
that I had excavated Newgrange and described me as an
'eminent Irish archaeologist'. Just to clear things
up – Newgrange had been excavated to a satisfactory
degree before I had even graduated from my B.A., and
although I'm doing well in my career at the moment, I
would certainly not describe myself as eminent (at
best, I would like to think that my eminence is
imminent, he he).
I also received phone calls from two British
journalists enquiring as to the nature of my
involvement in the project. These gentlemen were kind
enough to inform me that I was listed on the project
website as being one of the 'foreign experts' taking
part. When I logged on to the website I found that I
was listed as Senior Archaeologist, Kilkenny (I am the
senior archaeologist for the firm in which I work, but
not for the entire county of Kilkenny!). Most
worrying of all was a link through which people could
supposedly contact me. When I clicked on it an email
address came up of which I had no previous knowledge
and to which I had no access.
Needless to say, I found this pretty unsettling.
Mr Osmanagich used my name in connection with his
project when he had no right to do so. He also seems
to have made every attempt to make me into something
that I am not. In addition he potentially misled
those who visited the website that they could contact
me, and that whatever responses they would receive
would be from me.
With regard to the excavations taking place on the
'Bosnian Pyramid' site, I would be very surprised if
at the end of the season Mr Osmanagich throws up his
hands having failed to find definitive evidence
supporting his argument. No matter what is there he
will find what he is looking for. That is what
happens when a site is not excavated by
archaeologists, but glory hunters.
Kindest Regards
Grace Fegan

07.05.2006. Online community for lovers of ancient history

April 28 , 2006
Debunking the Bosnian 'Pyramid' Posted at 18:00 EST

It was only a matter of time before someone investigated the Bosnia pyramid story and found it not at all credible. ARCHAEOLOGY magazine are planning on debunking it in their next issue, but in the meantime have published a piece online here: The Bosnia-Atlantis Connection: Frenzied reporting of supposed pyramids in the Balkans ignores the truth and embraces the fantastic

The gist is that Semir (Sam) Osmanagic believes the pyramids in Bosnia resemble those at Teotihuacan, claims the largest is bigger than the pyramid of Khufu at Giza, and that the Bosnian pyramids date to 12,000 B.C.

The media reports have omitted to mention that Osmanagic is a self-described archaeologist, who believes the Maya and others are descended from Atlanteans who came from the Pleiades.

Now reputable archaeologists and the academic establishment are speaking out, condemning Osmanagic for misleading a gullible public and endangering genuine sites and monuments. There is public outcry within Bosnia, and an online petition that seeks to shut down Osmanagic's project. But he apparently has backers within the federal government and the Sarejevo city government. Whether he is allowed to continue or not is unresolved for now, and his website makes no mention of any controversy. And even when the mainstream media catch up and realize that the "Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun" is no such thing, it will have entered the annals of fantastic archaeology and will have a multitude of believers and defenders.

April 25 , 2006
The Bosnian pyramid again Posted at 08:00 EST

More news here at the Washington Post on the supposed discovery of an 'ancient pyramid ' in Bosnia, where digging began last week.

This has the potential to be a very exciting and significant discovery if it does turn out to be a pyramid, especially since two other pyramid-shaped hills in the Visoko Valley may be connected with this one by underground tunnels.

Maybe it's just me being cynical since I'd love this to be the real thing, but I keep expecting Hancock or Bauval to pop up and start raving about aliens.... LOL

April 14 , 2006
Did the Aztecs take a winter vacation to Bosnia? Posted at 19:00 EST
Archaeologists have started excavating what they're calling "Europe's first pyramids" - two constructions near Sarajevo. The news report I read doesn't say who's supposed to have built them or how old they are, but the explorer who started probing the site last year "sees astonishing similarities between the structures and Mexican pyramids dating back to about AD 200, which also come in pairs, one believed to represent the Sun and the other the Moon."

The mind boggles... but also retains a healthy scepticism about an Aztec/Bosnian connection! LOL

The full report can be found here: Digging starts on 'Europe's first pyramids' in Bosnia

07.05.2006. Indiana Jones of the Balkans: The Great Pyramid of Bosnia

7 May 2006 18:33 Home > News > Europe

An amateur archaeologist claims to have found Europe's first pyramid. The experts may be sceptical but the people have been quick to see the potential for attracting tourists

By Vesna Peric Zimonjic
Published: 28 April 2006

There is a new sign hanging above Visoko's shabby hotel. From now, guests will be staying at the Pyramid of the Sun. Across the road at the local restaurant the hungry can tuck into pyramid pizza. It is served, of course, on triangular wooden platters.
And for those who have yet to get the point, the local xafs is offering allegedly home-made brandy. It comes in pyramid-shaped bottles.

Article Length: 1632 words (approx.)


Amateur Archaeologist
Location: N/A

Comments: To mr. Semir Osmanagic,
You claim having discovered 3 pyramids in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Visoko, and even gave them names in this early stage of excavation (‘Pyramid of the Sun, Pyramid of the Moon, Pyramid of the Earth’). I read you have been studying pyramids in Africa, Asia and in the America’s for 15 years. This is why you should have seen that these Bosnian ‘hills’ are not pyramids. If you had taken a closer look at the topographic picture on your own website, you could have remarked that the ‘hills’ emerge out of the surrounding hill-landscape. True pyramids are always built on flat surfaces, to avoid the layered structures from sliding downwards. In my opinion, the Visoko-‘hills’ are the typically cone-shaped remains of old, non-active strato-volcanoes, covered with vegetation in the course of time. You say the ‘Bosnian pyramids’ are 12.000 years old, that is about 10.000 BC. So, they were built at the very end of the last Ice Age in Europe (part of Pleistoceen period). It seems impossible to me to make such mega-structures in sub-zero or in low temperatures. I also strongly doubt that in such climate and at that time, the local population could provide sufficient individuals (‘labourers’) for such projects. At 10.000 BC, there weren’t even big cities yet (the oldest known city to date is Jericho, 7000 BC). All true pyramids were built in the vicinity of cities. The stone-slabs, -blocs, etc. found on the ‘Bosnian pyramids’ and shown on your website are in my opinion not articulated, nor cut by humans. I belief it’s possible that some ancient structures were made on the sides of the volcanoes, built with stone-slabs, -blocs, etc. that were transported by ice and left behind when the ice retreated. But massive pyramidal constructions such as the Giza and the Mexico pyramids won’t be found in Visoko. I don’t understand why your reconstruction of the ‘Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun’ is a copy of the Mexican Pyramid of the Sun ? There is no connection at all between the ancient civilisations of Mexico and Bosnia. You dated the ‘Bosnian pyramid’ at 10.000 BC. The Mexican pyramids only go back as far as the 2nd century AD. Your reconstruction shows a ‘pyramid’ in Visoko as modern as the Mexican pyramid of the Sun, while there is a time-difference of approximately 10.000 years, impossible ! In my opinion the tunnels in the Visoko-‘hills’ are remains of old mining-activities. To me, the migthy Mexican Teotihuacan Pyramids of the Sun and Moon are the only true ones !


"Pyramitalia": 2003 - PYRAMIDS IN ITALY

Three Pyramids Discovered In Montevecchia, Italy
April 2003

Marco V. of Varese, Italy writes, "You may be
interested in a discovery which has been recently
made: three pyramids were discovered thanks to
satellite and aerial imagery in northern Italy, in the
town of Montevecchia - 40 km from Milan.

They are the first pyramids ever discovered in Italy
and the dimensions are quite impressive; the highest
pyramid is 150 meters tall. They are stone buildings,
as recent excavations have proved. However, they are
now completely covered by ground and vegetation, so
that they now look like hills.

The inclination degree of all the three pyramids is
42/43¡ and there is a perfect alignment with the
Orion constellation. There are a lot of similarities
to the Egyptian pyramids.

Their age is still undefined although they are surely
older than 3000 years. Nothing was found nearby which
may help to date the structures and in the area there
was not any civilization able to build similar
structures at the time. The people who lived there
were mainly gatherers and hunters.


We tend to regard professionals as the only people worth
taking notice of, when it comes to discoveries being made in
their field. If an amateur makes a statement – or even a
discovery – it is commonly regarded with suspicion.
On this point, I recall that on July 29, 1997, an amateur
astronomer in Adelaide, Australia, announced the discovery
of a new comet. Up to that date, 71 comets had been
discovered by amateurs during the twentieth century!
Did you know that some of the world’s great archaeological
discoveries have been made by amateurs?
When Heinrich Schliemann said he’d discovered Troy, the
scientific community snubbed him. For years!
And there was John Lloyd Stephens who discovered
wondrous things among the Mayan ruins of Central
America. Another amateur.
It was Champollion the “amateur” who got Egyptology
One could say that our knowledge has been deepened
more through the efforts of amateurs like Fawcett,
Schliemann and Heyerdahl, than through the efforts of
franchised experts.
The cause of science is not served by automatic
ridicule of amateurs. Any person who so behaves is an
enemy of science. He may be listed in Who’s Who, but
he doesn’t know what’s what.
Both Schliemann (who discovered Troy) and Carter
(who found Tutankhamen’s tomb) were criticised by the
academia of their day. It is worth noting, however, that
while the world remembers the names of the two men
Schliemann and Carter – no one remembers the names of
their critics!

vikićev specijalac



Bosnian Bloggers: AntiPyramid Web-Ring

Information for all non-balkan-languages speakers:

Blogs written in all languages are welcome to join, so, if you are interested and have written about the topic, consider joining. The page lists the blogs that are currently members of the Web-ring. If you want to join, just send an e-mail to one of the members - the e-mail addresses are listed right here.

link to antypyramid web-ring


Blog: What will be left?

Wednesday, May 03, 2006
What will be left?
"And if it's not a pyramid, then we make one.", said a man from Visoko after we asked him what he thinks of the pyramid shaped hill.

It’s about time for really good news, finally, coming out of a country, that went through one of the most devastating wars in the second half of the 20th century. Many people have lost their lives and an entire country the faith in ever living with dignity again. Over 600.000 landmines are spread all across Bosnia-Herzegovina and the task of disarming them is about as daunting and equally difficult as the Bosnian peoples search for a better future.

When people return home from long journeys, they bring back little gifts for their families and friends. And Semir Osmanagic, after having spent the last 15 years researching ancient civilizations and pyramids all around the world, brought back home something very special. Not only he might have discovered a pyramid in Bosnia, which in itself is a symbol for energy, he also brought with him the very essence of life. Hope - for the people of Bosnia - and hope for the entire planet.

Civilisations are fragile objects. Often, when they reach their highest point, they fail. Even our own civilisation, over the course of the last few centuries, was many times on the verge to forever disappear from the face of this planet. The discovery of a pyramid built a long time ago, should remind us of the fragile status of our own civilisation. With discoveries like these, comes responsibility. The planet belongs to us all and we all belong to the planet. Civilisations come and go, technology advances and regresses, and people still lose the focus on things that really matter by feeding their egos with superficial desires. We need to finally ‘learn to learn’ from history, world history that is. Think about it - the average CD-Rom lasts a few dozen years, modern concrete lasts a few hundred years at best.

What will be left from our culture for future civilisations to discover?

Text by Robert Huttinger and Hutan Vahdani


IOL - Web info of South Africa: Controversial dig sparks pyramid mania

May 04 2006 at 03:08AM

By Daria Sito-Sucic

Visoko, Bosnia - Pyramid or publicity stunt? Archaeologists can't agree but for the people of Visoko, the debate is almost irrelevant: they believe there's a pyramid under the hill near their town and they are already cashing in.

Visoko is booming, boosted by a controversial dig that aims to prove that the nearby Visocica hill is a pyramid built 12 000 years ago by the ancestors of the Illyrians, said to be the first inhabitants of the Balkans.

Many archaeologists are sceptical but Semir Osmanagic, the Bosnian-born businessman who came up with the pyramid theory and who is the force behind the dig, is convinced he can prove it.
"As much as the idea of pyramids in Europe and particularly in Bosnia may seem incredible, we're convinced we'll succeed," US-based Osmanagic told reporters.

Since the dig began in April, visitors have flocked to the top of Visoko's hill, about 30km north of Sarajevo, making the ascent by car, motorbike and even horse-drawn coach.

On a sunny April day, lines of people clambered up the 700-metre hill while models from Sarajevo Fashion Week walked around the dig, waving paper Bosnian flags.

"We read about the pyramid on the Internet. It would be great that something so grand happens to Bosnia," said tourist Senada Wiitigen, who came to Bosnia from Germany on holiday.

Nearby, the manager of a food factory was flogging "Bosnian Sun Pyramid" pralines. Hawkers sold hastily printed T-shirts and brandy in pyramid-shaped bottles while craftsmen turned out pyramid souvenirs.

Pensioner Rasim Kilalic turned his weekend home near the dig into a cafe. "Please God, let them find a pyramid," he said, rushing to serve crowded tables.

But many established archaeologists believe the theory behind Visoko's mini-boom is nonsense.

"Even the slightest acquaintance with archaeology would tell anyone that the only things being built in Europe at that time were flimsy huts, and a lot of people were still living in caves or rock shelters," said Professor Anthony Harding, president of the European Association of Archaeologists.

"Even if we assume these people have the date wrong by several millennia, and they are actually nearer in date to the Egyptian pyramids, the idea that people in Bosnia at that time were building pyramids of any sort, let alone enormous ones that dwarf even the Great Pyramid at Giza, is pure fantasy."

Osmanagic calls the two hills forming a gate into the Visoko valley the Sun and Moon Pyramids, named after pyramids he saw in Central America. He named a smaller hill the Dragon Pyramid.

"Visocica hill has almost three perfect triangle sides, each pointing towards cardinal points," said Osmanagic, who often wears an Indiana Jones-style trilby hat.

"This and its pyramid shape were enough for me. Nature simply could not build such perfect objects."

Last year, during a dig at the base of Visocica hill - Osmanagic's Sun Pyramid - geologists on his team said they found polished sandstone slabs, which may have formed the pyramid's floor. They found another building material, also not native to the area, which they think was used for the stairs.

In the second week of digging, they found stone blocks that Osmanagic said were pyramid walls. Over the next few months, he aims to unearth what he believes are stone stairs and explore 3,8km of tunnels that he says connect the hills.

Pyramid-shaped structures were built by many ancient peoples and used as temples, tombs or royal monuments. Some of the best preserved are Egypt's pyramids, built around 4 500 years ago. Step pyramids exist in Mexico and modern-day Iran and Iraq.

Greece and Egypt have said they will send experts to the Bosnian site in the coming months, but closer to home there are fears the ad-hoc dig could destroy the remains of a medieval Bosnian town at the top of Visocica hill.

"This is the equivalent of letting me, an archaeologist, perform surgery," said Enver Imamovic, professor of history and former director of the Sarajevo-based Regional Museum.

Osmanagic plans to open the "Bosnian Valley of Pyramids" as an archaeological park in 2008. His project is supported by Visoko council and has raised hopes that the area could become a major tourist attraction in a country slowly winning back visitors after a devastating war in the 1990s.

"We should absolutely allow the research here," said Senad Hodovic, the director of the Visoko Historic Heritage museum.

"This isn't about whether there are pyramids or not... But it's important to create a climate for research, also of the medieval town of Visoki, which has never been explored."

Nearby mines and rescue associations have offered their services for the exploration of the tunnels. Universities in Sarajevo and Tuzla have pledged their expertise and firms in Visoko are donating products and services.

The volunteer diggers are mainly unemployed men from Visoko.

"We have such high unemployment that everybody hopes something good will come out of this," said Emsad Husic, a former car mechanic and father-of-three. "You can already feel the town has got livelier in the recent weeks."

Osmanagic believes the site was chosen in the belief that it was a focal point of energies, like Giza in Egypt. That, he says, could explain the local claim that no one was killed in the three-pyramid area during the 1992-95 war.

"The pyramid saved them," he said.

For now, Osmanagic is financing the dig himself. To continue his research this year, he will need about 200 000 Bosnian marka (about R750 000), which he hopes to get from Bosnian authorities.

"The history of civilisation has to be rewritten," he said. "Bosnia will become a giant on the world archaeological map."


VISOKO NEWS: Semir Osmanagic has stated that the bosnian pyramid is official now

(photo: Visoko photoshop activitys)

Article says that Semir Osmanagic has stated that the bosnian pyramid is official now, and that in fact there is a pyramid of the sun underneath the soil. They have dug out large areas on the West, East and North part and found the same exact rock structure on each side. Rock's they found weight from 5-30 tons each and are identical to rocks used on the egyptian and mexican pyramids. All types of satellite images and researches claim that there are three pyramid in the area the Sun, Moon and Dragon pyramids. People who were signing petitions to stop the digging have now admited that they were wrong. People claimed that Semir Osmanagic was destoying old graves and ancient sites but Mirko Babić a archaeologist who visited the area said nothing is being covered up here, there is nothing being destroyed and he fully supports the project. The Bosnian pyramid of the sun foundation is calling upon all bosnians to unit and take this project very seriously.

04.05.2006. What to think when Atlantis is just one click of the remote away

Seductions of Pseudoarchaeology: Far Out Television Volume 56 Number 3, May/June 2003
by Garrett G. Fagan

One chilly Sunday night, I turned on the Discovery Channel. In progress was Mysteries of the Pyramids, which informed me of the following startling facts. The pyramid shape is virtually inexplicable. It is a terrific mystery as to how this shape came to be used by so many different cultures from around the world (from Egypt to China to Mesoamerica). In the mid-twentieth century, psychic Edgar Cayce envisioned a construction date for the three pyramids at Giza of 10,500 B.C., and a recent "scientific investigation" had confirmed Cayce's date by aligning the monuments with stars in Orion's Belt as they appeared in the sky at that time. The author of this "scientific investigation," Robert Bauval, had the final word: "You are lured into entering a quest, a system of learning and, ultimately, you will be initiated into the belief system that this pyramid represents."

While easy to dismiss, programs propagating pseudoarchaeological speculations--the mystical powers of pyramids, ancient astronauts, Atlantis' role in human development, etc.--air on an increasingly regular basis not only on the niche cable channels (Discovery, The Learning Channel [TLC], and The History Channel) but also occasionally on the networks (ABC, NBC, and especially Fox). "Hybrid" productions are also quite common, where good information is freely mixed with pseudoscience. Mysteries of the Pyramids offered pseudoarchaeological propositions side by side with reasonable deductions about pyramids, and the transition between the two styles was seamless. A viewer lacking previous knowledge about the sites presented or how archaeology works would not necessarily see any distinction between rational deductions drawn from observable evidence, baseless speculations, and ideologically driven pseudoscience.

There is little doubt that presenting science (and archaeology) on television is a difficult business. The slow pace of change in scientific thinking, the habitual lack of consensus among academics about details, and the often complex nature of the arguments involved place special pressures on producers. For science to work on television, the program needs to tell a story. The best stories are about people, so good science shows usually highlight the human element by focusing on a researcher or team of researchers, interposing expositions of scientific reasoning as an element of the narrative.

In the case of archaeology, there are added difficulties. The unspectacular and painstaking nature of the discipline does not make for particularly scintillating television. For how long will viewers sit through scenes of dirt-sifting amid knee-high ruins? A further problem is that archaeology deals, in essence, with dead people, who somehow have to come alive for the viewers. One solution is to use computer graphics to re-create now-ruined splendors. Such sequences are increasingly de rigueur in the genre. Other newly popular options include having actors portray figures from the past or emphasizing pragmatic considerations an audience can relate to. Michael Barnes, producer of the PBS series Secrets of Lost Empires, assembled teams of archaeologists and engineers to re-create spectacular achievements of ancient technology--building a pyramid, raising an obelisk, and firing a medieval trebuchet. His series kept a human focus on the teams of experts while reanimating the past with a set of ancient but immediate practical problems that demanded solutions. We know the ancients did these things, but how? "Trying something out in practice beats all the armchair talk," says Barnes. There are other ways archaeology can be jazzed up for presentation on television. Compelling hooks emphasize the "mysteries," "secrets," and "treasures" of now-lost worlds.

Unfortunately, the format favored by television archaeology perfectly suits the exponents of fringe ideas. For starters, pseudoarchaeologists uniformly present themselves as tackling some terrific mystery or secret of the past, one they claim (often incorrectly) has long baffled specialists. In "solving" this great mystery, pseudoarchaeologists love to strike the pose of the unappreciated genius. There is often the promise of treasure at the end of the quest, the treasure of lost ancient knowledge that somehow will be of value for humankind. The wide-ranging nature of pseudoarchaeological speculations frequently requires visits not to one but to many exotic locations in a single show, as the "argument" jumps from Egypt to Peru to Easter Island, and so on. There is another powerful storytelling feature in this genre, one usually lacking in good archaeological television: a villain. For in many pseudoarchaeology shows, the villain is archaeology itself.

There are plenty of quality television science series that feature excellent coverage of archaeology, such as Nova (PBS), Timewatch (The History Channel), and Secrets of the Dead (PBS), among others. In addition, there are many specials that could be listed here, such as the occasional series on Egypt on Discovery, TLC, or the History Channel that stand largely above reproach. Listed below, then, are those few that specifically address pseudoarchaeology from a critical perspective.

1. The Case of the Ancient Astronauts (BBC/PBS, 1977): complete demolition of Erich von Däniken's ancient-astronauts idea.

2. Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious World (1980): usually skeptical treatment of various mysteries, many of them archaeological.

3. Atlantis Uncovered (BBC/TLC, 1999): critical analysis of the modern Atlantis myth.

4. Atlantis Reborn Again (BBC/TLC, 2001): systematic dismantling of Graham Hancock's propositions about his "Lost Civilization."

5. The Search for Atlantis (A&E, 2001): surprisingly balanced treatment of the Atlantis myth, ancient and modern, that contains some mistakes but is fundamentally sensible; hosted by Ted Danson.

Garrett G. Fagan is associate professor of classics and ancient Mediterranean studies and history at Pennsylvania State University.

Further Reading


Petition: Stop Osmanagich Now !

Say NO to Masonic Bosnia!

Local warlords are undertaking an unprecedented con in the town of Visoko near Sarajevo, Bosnia. In doing so, they are endangering numerous archaeological sites dated back to Neolith as well as some of the possible first traces of human race in Europe.

The unprecedented, uncritical media coverage of this event, provided primarily by government-ran media such as BBC, CBC, Reuters and Fox, serves the purpose of diverging the Bosnian public's attention to making bogus "world history" instead of focusing on the current critical events (B-H Constitution - April 25; Hague trial - closing May 9; Montenegro independence - referendum May 15; Kosovo independence - negotiations ongoing). See more on this on our English Web site: .

No domestic or foreign scientist supports the existence of the "pyramids". According to the independent polls by IFIMES institute, two thirds of Bosnians are firmly against the imposed Constitution. Catholic Church and His Holiness the Pope Benedict XVI himself are strongly against, as well.

The domestic informal group includes corrupted wartime politicians, some of which advise to the Bosnia’s Prime Minister, while others fill seats in the Parliament of Bosnia-Herzegovina, as well as perform other high-profile governmental duties. There are strong indicators that the group has decided to support a project aimed at turning Bosnia’s common-shaped hills into – ancient pyramids!

While publicly expressing their support for Bosnia joining the European integration processes, these politicians practically do all in their power to stop the progress and to smother civilization values in Bosnia, as well as to fill their own pockets already hardened by estimated $6 billion in stolen foreign aid and donations sent to Bosnia during and after the 1992-1996 war.

The executioner's role was assigned to an amateur explorer of “lost civilizations Atlantis and Mu”. Sam Osmanagich is a construction contractor from Texas who came to the US when the Bosnian war started. He has no education whatsoever in any science.

The claims made by this delusional man (who walks-talks-dresses Indiana Jones style) show his complete disrespect for science and scientific method. For instance, he claims publicly that he alone is going to “change the entire history, and the entire science of the mankind”. One of his particularly amusing public statements was that the pyramids were a way for aliens to communicate! He also said that no shaving razor could ever go used up inside a pyramid...

Recently a foundation was founded, and promptly added to budgets at municipal, canton and state levels. It also received all the government-controlled media support one could imagine. The foundation has obtained all the necessary permits despite the public opposition by renowned scientists and professionals. Against this depravity stands Enver Imamovic, a history professor from the U of Sarajevo, as well as the staff from the National Museum of Bosnia-Herzegovina who publicly called the project - a fraud.

The “project” is happening also in spite of the warnings by world-renowned archaeologists such as Professor Bruce Hitchner from Tufts U, USA, and Professor Blagoje Govedarica of U of Hamburg, Germany, that what this greedy group is after are well-known ancient burial sites!

The amateurish diggs of October 2005 have destroyed numerous Neolithic or pre-Neolithic tombs, while the slabs used originally for paving of the graves were presented to the public as “the walls which build the pyramids”. Several complete human skeletons were dug out, and those appeared only briefly in a media report; soon after they simply vanished from the public eye.

As stated in the Foundation's statute (articles 6 and 7), their intended field of operations is not just the Visoko area, but Bosnia and Herzegovina in general. This is a precedent aimed at smothering civilization values in Bosnia. This could mark the beginning of a "Taliban" era in Bosnia, a nation with 3 million people, highly controled media, controlled academia, and above all mafia-style politicians & corrupted judiciary with over 1 million court cases open as we speak...

The Bosnian government at all levels systematically neglects the National Museum (w/o heat and salaries for 10 years!) and other museums around the country. It also virtually strangled the country's academic community so it is now the Europe's last ranked. At the same time, the rulers want to replace the nation’s factual heritage with a fictitious one (“pyramids”). Have we already seen a similar, government-orchestrated destruction of a country’s own civilization values, cultural heritage and scientific potential, somewhere before? You bet - in Afghanistan, during the Taliban regime!


03.05.2006. Introducing the Pyramid of Doom

While researching to write something positive for the Wikipedia entry on the Bosnian Pyramids (I did the Currently Osmanagić states… to …for future generations bit) I noticed something a bit odd about the map. I wondered if I’d calculated the lengths of the wrong triangle. It seems I have made a simple mistake.

The calculation was based on the three pyramids marked in orange. These three pyramids come close to making an equilateral triangle, though with nowhere near the precision claimed by the Bosnian Geodetic Institute. I got these markers from and you can download them from there to check this for yourself with your own copy of Google Earth. I thought these were the locations of the pyramids and, if you look the map shown at shows these are the three locations measured. This blog post would also suggest that the Pyramid of Dragon is identified correctly as it places the pyramid on Bucki gaj.

If you look closely then you can see there’s a ridge between the Pyramids of the Moon and the Dragon. I’ve marked the end of that ridge with the label Bosnian Pyramid of Doom, and you can download the Google Earth bookmark to see it for yourself in 3D. Is it high enough to block a line of site between the pyramids of the Moon and the Dragon? No.

But is is a problem. The Pyramid of Doom is on the end of this long ridge. The pyramid of the Dragon is distinctively on its own hill. So how do you make sense of this diagram at Wikipedia, which is used by the official site? I made the mistake of assuming that the Pyramid of the Dragon, being under a large hill, was stationary. It looks like Osmanagić has discovered the world’s first mobile monumental prehistoric pyramid*.

What happens to the triangle if you use the Pyramid of Doom position as the third vertex? Then the Moon - Doom baseline is far, far too short to make an equilateral triangle. It’s not even remotely close, which again suggests that Bucki gaj is the Pyramid of Dragon. It does leave the problem of an imposter pyramid on the official guides though.

Next week it’s the Bosnian Pyramid of the Molehill - and I’m not sure if I’m joking yet.

*This would explain how the Bosnian pyramids got to Egypt and Mexico. In one stroke the lack of Bosnian artefacts is explained as they were built in Visoko and then moved to their new locations. We also now know why the Egyptian pyramids were smaller. You wouldn’t want to move a larger pyramid would you? The Mexican pyramids were even smaller, but then they had further to go.

03.05.2006. Bosnia may boast Europe's first pyramid

Apr. 28, 2006 at 3:53PM

Experts may be skeptical but an archaeologist's claims he has found Europe's first pyramid began attracting tourists to a town near Sarajevo.
The town of Visoko is home to Europe's only pyramid, or at least that is what a Bosnian amateur archaeologist would like us believe, London's Independent wrote Friday.
Whether the 45-year-old Semir Osmanagic is right or not, he has certainly started a craze.
The man now known as the Balkan Indiana Jones said he believes there are pyramids under two nearby hills as well. "Nature does not make such shapes and they have to be man-made," Osmanagic said.
Teams are digging to see if they will run into stone blocks below the slopes of the hill. Experts from Egypt are expected to join them within weeks.
Meanwhile, a local hotel was named Pyramid of Sun, and a nearby pizza joint serves meals on triangular wooden platters. T-shirts with the imaginary pyramid are sold in the streets.
Osmanagic, whose main qualification is 15 years spent studying pyramids in Latin America, is convinced that under the 2,050-foot Visoko hill is a giant step pyramid, which would be the first discovered in Europe. He says it is 772-feet high, one-third taller than the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt.


Neolithic monuments : Silbury Hill UK

Silbury Hill, part of the complex of Neolithic monuments around Avebury in Wiltshire (which includes the West Kennet long barrow), is the tallest prehistoric man-made mound in Europe and one of the world's largest. On a base covering over 2 hectares (5 acres), it rises 39.6m (130ft) high. It is a display of immense technical skill and prolonged control over labour and resources. Archaeologists calculate that Silbury Hill was built about 4600 years ago and that it took 18 million man-hours to dump and shape 248,000 cubic metres (8.75 million cu ft) of earth on top of a natural hill. Every man, woman and child in Britain today could together build such a mound if they each contributed one bucketful of earth.
The base of the monument is 167m (550ft) in diameter and it is perfectly round. Its summit is flat-topped and 30m (100ft) wide. We know that the construction took two phases: soon after work was started, a re-design was ordered, and the mound enlarged. It is constructed in steps, each step being filled in with packed chalk, and then smoothed off. There have been three excavations of the mound: the first when a team of Cornish miners led by the Duke of Northumberland sunk a shaft from top to bottom in 1776, another in 1849 when a tunnel was dug from the edge into the centre, and a third in 1968-70 when professor Richard Atkinson had another tunnel cut into the base. Nothing has ever been found on Silbury Hill: at its core there is only clay, flints, turf, moss, topsoil, gravel, freshwater shells, mistletoe, oak, hazel, sarsen stones, ox bones, and antler tines.
Moses B.Cotworth, at the beginning of this century, stated that Silbury was a giant sundial to determine seasons and the true length of the year. More recently, the writer Michael Dames has identified Silbury Hill as the winter goddess but he finally acknowledges that the monument remains a stupendous enigma.
According to legend, this is the last resting place of King Sil, sitting on a fabled golden horse. Another legend states that the mound holds a lifesize solid gold statue of King Sil and yet a third, that the Devil was carrying an apron of soil to drop on the citizens of Marlborough, but he was stopped by the priests of nearby Avebury.

03.05.2006. The Bosnian Pyramid = NO!

The Bosnian Pyramid


The Bosnian Pyramid, Visocica Hill, is the first European pyramid to be discovered

New confirmation about findings in Bosnia’s Valley of Pyramids
Bosnian Geodetic Institute (Geodetski Zavod BiH) is confirmed previous findings of the Foundation Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun .
‘If we connect a top of the pyramids (Sun, Moon, Dragon) by drawing a line. We can see that distance is equal. This lines are forming triangle. Sides of the triangle have equal lengths.’
Angles of this triangle are 60 degrees exactly (not any minute difference).
No. Using the map data from the Bosnian Pyramid site I get measurements of Sun –> Moon 2038m, Moon –> Dragon 2229m and Sun –> Dragon 2177m. If the pyramids do form an equilateral triangle then the Bosnian Geodetic Institute seem to have discovered the first equilateral triangle with non-equal sides.
Length of the edges of the Bosnian Pyramid of Sun is 365 metars (???)
Half of the pyramid is under a massive hill. IF there is a pyramid beneath that hill you simply cannot yet measure the sides without making huge assumptions, and the accuracy of 365 metres is utterly spurious. It was remarkably forward thinking of the builders to metres.
Comparisons between the pyramidal complexes in Egypt and Mexico have revealed that the Bosnian pyramid is 220m high; the Great Pyramid measures 145m, while the highest pyramid in the Mexican complex is 75m.
Bosnian explorer Semir Osmanagić, who discovered the pyramidal structure in Bosnia believes that all three pyramids were constructed during the same period, with the Bosnian pyramid the last to be built. Visocica is one third higher than the Great Pyramid in Egypt, which is itself one third higher than that in Mexico. He believes that they could even have all been built by the same peoples.
We cannot date the Egyptian pyramids to the exact year, nor the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan, but even if we have error bars of a few centuries then there’s still no overlap. The Mayan pyramids are roughly two millennia older (oops!) younger than the Egyptian pyramids. Add in the lack of Mayan artefacts in Egypt and vice versa and the lack of either in Bosnia and there’s a big problem which hand-waving won’t solve.
As a note the height of the Great Pyramid in Egypt is about 138m, but that’s not the original height because the uppermost stones are missing. The height of the Pyramid of the Sun is about 65m. If the Great Pyramid of Egypt were one-third higher than the Pyramid of the Sun it would be about 87m high. Even with his own measurements there’s no accuracy.
One possible reason for the inaccuracy is that the mapping seems to have been done by M C Escher. Look at the map below from their map pages and see if you can make sense of it.
If he’s consistently talking rubbish about the stuff which can be checked then there’s no reason to assume he’s talking any sense about things which can’t be checked. I’m told there’s a lot of genuine archaeological remains associated with Bosnian history on the hill which could be trashed. A lot of it was already destroyed in the recent war so why would someone want to do this?
Invidual or cooperate donations in a form of cheques or money orders from different countries, can be sent directly to:
Fondacija Arheološki park: Bosanska piramida Sunca
I hope it’s worth it.


USA TODAY: Bosnian hill may have pyramid

By Aida Cerkez-Robinson, Associated Press

VISOKO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — With eyes trained to recognize pyramids hidden in the hills of El Salvador, Mexico and Peru, Semir Osmanagic has been drawn to the mound overlooking this central Bosnian town.
"It has all the elements: four perfectly shaped slopes pointing toward the cardinal points, a flat top and an entrance complex," he said, gazing at the hill and wondering what lies beneath.

No pyramids are known in Europe, and there is no evidence any ancient civilization there ever attempted to build one.

But Osmanagic, a Bosnian archaeologist who has spent the last 15 years studying the pyramids of Latin America, suspects there is one here in his Balkan homeland.

Science snapshot

In this week's story, Dan Vergano explains why it may have been better to be the hunted rather than the hunter for humanity's ancestors.

"We have already dug out stone blocks which I believe are covering the pyramid," he said. "We found a paved entrance plateau and discovered underground tunnels. You don't have to be an expert to realize what this is."

Osmanagic, 45, who now lives in Houston, is personally financing excavations at the Visocica hill, a 2,120-foot hump outside Visoko, a town about 20 miles northwest of the capital, Sarajevo.

He learned about the hill in April from Senad Hodovic, director of a museum devoted to the history of Visoko, which is rich in Bronze Age and medieval artifacts. Hodovic had attended a promotion of an Osmanagic book about ancient civilizations and thought he would like to see Visoko's pyramid-shaped hill.

When the pair climbed the hill, the sweeping view revealed a second, smaller pyramid-shaped hill. It reminded Osmanagic of pairs of pyramids he has seen in Latin America that together create a gateway into a valley.

After obtaining a permit to research the site, which is protected by the state as a national monument, the first probes of the main hill were carried out this summer at six points. Nadja Nukic, a geologist involved in the research, said she found 15 anomalies suggesting that some layers of the hill were manmade.

"We found layers of what we call 'bad concrete,' a definitely unnatural mixture of gravel once used to form blocks with which this hill was covered," Osmanagic said.

"The hill was already there," he added. "Some ancient civilization just shaped it and then coated it with this primitive concrete — and there you have a pyramid."

Small-scale excavations continued until early November, when winter set in, with the work focusing on what Osmanagic theorizes may have been the entrance to a pyramid-shaped temple.

Osmanagic believes the hill was shaped by the Illyrian people, who inhabited the Balkan peninsula long before Slavic tribes conquered it around A.D. 600. Little is known about the Illyrians, but Osmanagic thinks they were more sophisticated than many experts have suggested.

Nukic, who has walked up and down the hill several times, said she noticed symmetrical platforms in the slopes — indentations that Osmanagic believes are steps built into the pyramid.

A local businessman who bought a lot at the foot of the hill and brought in a bulldozer to dig the foundation for a house, meanwhile, unearthed manmade sandstone plates that the archeologists think may have been paving stones.

Anthropologists say the Visoko valley already offers ample evidence of organized human settlements dating back 7,000 years. The town was Bosnia's capital during the Middle Ages, and German archaeologists working the valley recently found 24,000 Neolithic artifacts just three feet below the surface.

Osmanagic is taking a cautious approach about the hill.

"No fast conclusions, please. The evidence has to be firm, at least beyond a reasonable doubt," he said.

"Not that I don't believe in a pyramid here," he added. "This place was always called 'Pyramid' by the local population. But we have to prove that this is not a natural shape."

He thinks, however, that the shape of the hill speaks for itself.

"God can make many things, but such perfectly geometrically formed slopes, pointing exactly toward the north, south, east and west — if he did that, well, that's phenomenal itself."


THE ART NEWS PAPER /London/ : Amateur to dig on site of medieval capital in search of Bosnia's own Valley of the Kings

By Lucian Harris

Mayor of Sarajevo and other officials greenlight bizarre and potentially destructive project

Posted 15 April 2006

A Texan businessman says Europe’s earliest civilisation built four pyramids in Bosnia 14,000 years ago

LONDON. The bizarre claims of Semir “Sam” Osmanagic, a Texas-based businessman who believes he has discovered four pyramids at Visoko in Bosnia, are causing serious concern among Bosnian archaeologists and academics as official and popular support mounts for a five-year excavation programme, due to begin this month.

Volunteers have been invited to assist in the excavation of a 2,120-foot hill in one of the country’s most archaeologically rich regions, on top of which lie the protected remains of Bosnia’s medieval royal capital Visoki.

The prospect of their own Valley of the Kings has captured the imagination of many Bosnians desperate for a way to boost the shattered economy and raise the national pride of a country racked by conflict.

Opponents of the project are, however, horrified at the prospect of irreparable damage to an area they believe is important enough to be a tourist attraction without a pyramid, yet warrants further archaeological research. Enver Imamovic of the University of Sarajevo, a former director of the National Museum of Sarajevo, said that the excavations would “irreversibly destroy a national treasure”, while another Bosnian archaeologist told The Art Newspaper that it would be like “letting a group of amateurs dig around Stonehenge”.

Mr Osmanagic, 45, who lives in Houston, Texas, is a Bosnian industrial contractor with a penchant for crypto-archaeology and a taste for Indiana Jones, who has spent 15 years researching pyramids around the world. He was shown Visoko hill by a local museum director in April 2005 and obtained permission to carry out small scale excavations there. Geological and thermal imaging tests as well as the discovery of large stone slabs and tunnel-like holes led Mr Osmanagic to declare that the hill was a man-made pyramid. He ascribed its construction to the Ilyrian people who occupied the area before the Slavs, dating it to 12,000 BC, a conclusion that would make Bosnia the site of Europe’s earliest civilisation.

At the time, Professor Imamovic told reporters that skeletons found near the slabs suggested a medieval necropolis. “People were still living in caves at the time that Osmanagic claims that the pyramids were built,” he said.

Mr Osmanagic has shrugged off such dissent, couching the announcement of the discovery in colourful imagery, renaming the area as the Bosnian Valley of the Pyramids, and four individual hills as the pyramids of the Sun, the Moon, the Earth, and the Bosnian dragon. To co-ordinate the project he formed the Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun Foundation, which in January announced a five-year plan of work on the site, including excavation and “reconstruction” and immediate facilities for tourist access.

Mr Osmanagic told The Art Newspaper that the expected budget for the first year was around e300,000 ($358,000). Corporate sponsorship has grown rapidly and a series of promotional events have been arranged for the launch of the excavation on 14 April, set to include a concert by a popular rock group and a series of pyramid-themed art installations.

Meanwhile, Mr Osmanagic’s categorical insistence on the existence of pyramids built by an ancient Balkan civilisation has aroused nationalistic passions that have led critics to fear being branded anti-patriotic. The authors of an online petition to “Stop Osmanagic now!” identify themselves only as a “group of independent intellectuals”. They claim that Mr Osmanagic’s foundation, which is registered as an non-governmental organisation, has close links with the Muslim Party for Democratic Action (SDA), and point out that Zlatko Hurtic, economic adviser to the Bosnian Prime Minister Adnan Terzic, is named as an advisor. They also claim that the project has the backing of SDA politician Hasan Cengic, one of the most powerful men in Bosnia, who has been linked to the arms trade.

The Bosnian media and authorities have been remarkably uncritical, focusing mainly on the prosperity that the pyramids might bring. On 11 March, the Bosnian Federal News Agency ran a letter of support for the project from the mayor of Sarajevo, Mrs Semiha Borovac, who stressed that the discovery would bring money and jobs to Bosnia, and called on the citizens of Bosnia not to interfere with the project in a way that could make it harder “on explorers who are facing a brave and serious task”.

Opponents say that such blind delusion is a symptom of post-war Bosnia. “Our system is to blame, our institutions, which are not doing anything,” said Professor Imamovic. “It is sad that a dreamer is allowed to conduct on-field research without any control. This is the equivalent of letting me, an archaeologist, perform surgery in hospitals.”



S. O'BRIEN: A world wonder hiding under a hill. That's what a team of scientists in Bosnia are looking into right now. The search there for three pyramids has transformed a tiny town. CNN's Chris Burns has our story from just outside of Seriavo.


CHRIS BURNS, CNN CORRESPONDENT, (voice over): Bosnian American Sam Osmanagic is an overnight hero in his homeland. In a country devastated by war, the Houston businessman brings hope, claiming he's discovered Europe's first known pyramids, including the world's largest. Having studied Latin American pyramids for 15 years, Osmanagic has mobilized locals here into an army of excavators. Coal miners, grave diggers, farmers, the unemployed. Osmanagic pays about a third of them. The rest are volunteers.

SAM OSMANAGIC, BUSINESSMAN/EXPLORER: All the skepticism will be gone. (INAUDIBLE). They're flying over in the airplane and you see the pyramid walls. What else you can say?

BURNS: Well, some would just say this is just a rock base. It is a mountain. It's got some rock bases.

OSMANAGIC: It can be. It can be. We get the geologists today. Once they see that they're saying it was man-made. It was brought here.

BURNS: And it goes deep underground, too. Osmanagic claims this tunnel leads to three pyramids of the sun, the moon and the dragon. He's got his own pyramid mania headquarters, website and web-cams. With his trademark hat, Osmanagic is revered here as a movie star.


BURNS: But you're a "Raider of the Lost Ark" here, aren't you?

OSMANAGIC: Yes. It was long lost. Now this here -- the great values here which we're going to show to the world.

BURNS: Souvenir vendors aren't waiting for proof. There are pyramid t-shirts, key chains, wood carvings, postcards. All the hype has fueled its own industry. What was once the Hollywood Hotel is now the pyramid of the sun. All while Osmanagic, armed with satellite imaging, toils to attract donors and neutralize skeptics.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It will be great if it's a pyramid.

BURNS: And what if it isn't?

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Well, that would be a scandal.

BURNS: A Bosnian-American former U.S. soldier, now helping Osmanagic, says even he is skeptical but sees a better good in the effort.

AMER SMAILBEGOVIC, GEOPHYSICIST: I'd rather be digging up here and discovering a pyramid and using all the science in order to find something than looking for mass graves.

BURNS: If anything, the Bosnian Texan has gotten his shattered homeland to think big and to dream.

Chris Burns, CNN, Visoko, Bosnia-Herzegovina.


Gabriela Lukacs, first volunteer in Visoko :

Answer to the critics
May 2 2006 Answer to the critics

People keep going to Visoko to help and be part of this unique and gigantic project. This discovery has already changed the image we all have from Bosnia.
There are great people working together hand in hand, with shovel and brush cleaning stones from aeons of dirt, bringing forth a culture with achievements we cannot even image, let alone copy.

No wonder the mainstream archaeologists cannot accept the fact that there is a pyramid under our feet. Built from scratch. With huge breccia stone-plates, neatly put together, over various layers of enormous stoneblocks. A pyramid of 220m height, being the tallest man made construction in the world – so far.
Made by people who did not leave us a written note about it.

The mainstream archaeologists claim their right to investigate the place for Illyrian remains, before this “wild excavation of Mr.O” is allowed to destroy the roman ruins and medieval walls.

Pls.come to Visoko and check yourself that everything is documented carefully. There is a live camera on site for your convenience! And once you are in Visoko pls. go to the local museum. Director Senad will be more than happy to show you hundreds of boxes filled with 24.000 pieces of archaeological excavation done by the german university of Kiel in 2005 in Okoliste near Visoko (see link below for further investigation). The boxes fill the hallway of the museum and need to be analized, documented, mapped, screened and put together. This is the time and place to show your concern, if you really mean it. At least 24.000 objects have been rescued for your qualified studies.

Posted by Gabriela Lukacs, first volunteer in Visoko 11 April 2006

Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel

posted by Butterflies and Bunnyrabbits


The Times : 'wacky theories about “hidden mysteries”...'

25, 2006
Bosnia's rich heritage

President, European Association of Archaeologists

Sir, Stories about hidden pyramids in deepest Bosnia being investigated by “hobby archaeologists” (“Indiana Jones of the Balkans”, April 15), may appeal to those for whom the dry facts of archaeology hold little attraction, but they also do little to assist the cause of heritage protection in that beautiful but unlucky country.
Professional archaeologists in the former Yugoslavia, and in international organisations such as the European Association of Archaeologists, have known about these claims for some time, and various “scientific” reports are available in the public domain.
In most countries of Europe those with wacky theories about “hidden mysteries” on presumed archaeological sites are free to propound them but not to undertake excavation, which by its very nature destroys much of what it uncovers; let alone excavation by those unqualified in terms of training and experience.
According to your report there are indeed archaeological sites on the hill in question — Illyrian (Iron Age), Roman and Medieval; yet the work underway or planned makes no mention of what steps will be taken to safeguard them, and other potential sites as yet undiscovered, from inappropriate earthmoving or other investigations.
The situation of professional heritage management in Bosnia-Herzegovina is, since the Bosnian war, in a poor state, with a tiny number of people trying to do what they can to protect their rich heritage from looting and unmonitored or unauthorised development. It adds insult to injury when rich outsiders can come in and spend large sums pursuing their absurd theories (the construction of a colossal pyramid so large that it dwarfs even those of Egypt or Mesoamerica? 12,000 years ago?), in ways that most other countries would never countenance, instead of devoting their cash to the preservation of the endangered genuine sites and monuments in which Bosnia-Herzegovina abounds.

President, European Association of Archaeologists



Could this hill be hiding Europe's first known pyramid?

Amateur archaeologist Semir Osmanagic recently announced that he has uncovered proof that a four-sided hill in the town of Visoko, Bosnia, is an ancient manmade structure.

On Wednesday Osmanagic said he and his team unearthed large, cut stone slabs on a side of the hill that form the outer surface of an ancient pyramid (see inset photo).

"These are the first uncovered walls of the pyramid," Osmanagic told the Associated Press. "We can see the surface is perfectly flat. This is the crucial material proof that we are talking pyramids."

The discovery comes at the beginning of a six-month excavation at the site. The Bosnian-born Osmanagic hopes the dig will support his theory that an ancient people built a 722-foot (220-meter) step pyramid there some 12,000 years ago.

Last week the dig team, along with geologists and rescue workers from a nearby coal mine, also began exploring a tunnel under the 2,210-foot (650-meter) hill that Osmanagic believes may lead to two similarly shaped hills nearby.

Egyptian scientists are scheduled to join the excavation in about a month to offer their expertise.

"It will be a very exciting archaeological spring and summer," Osmanagic said.

—Blake de Pastino
april 20, 2006—


30. of April 2006: BLOB, CNN, BBC...

In Visoko arrived today Victoriom Bennets and her team from BBC UK. They want to see the plateau and the north-east side of the pyramid. Between 27th and 30th May they are going to make a documentary about the first eurpean pyramid together with Sam Osmanagic.


April 27, 2006.: The Bosnia-Atlantis Connection

by Mark Rose, executive and online editor of ARCHAEOLOGY

Frenzied reporting of supposed pyramids in the Balkans ignores the truth and embraces the fantastic.
The world's oldest and largest pyramid found in Bosnia? It sounds incredible. The story has swept the media, from the Associated Press and the BBC, from papers and websites in the U.S. to those in India and Australia. Too bad that it is not a credible story at all. In fact, it is impossible. Who is the "archaeologist" who has taken the media for a ride? Why did the media not check the story more carefully? ARCHAEOLOGY will address these questions in depth in our next issue, July/August, but for now let's at least put the lie to the claims emanating from Visoko, the town 20 miles northwest of Sarajevo where the "Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun" is located.
Semir (Sam) Osmanagic, a Houston-based Bosnian-American contractor first saw the hills he believes to be pyramids last spring. He is now digging the largest of them and plans to continue the work through November, promoting it as the largest archaeological project underway in Europe. (His call for volunteers even slipped into the Archaeological Institute of America's online listing of excavation opportunities briefly before being yanked.) He claims it is one of five pyramids in the area (along with what he calls the pyramids of the Moon, Earth, and Dragon, plus another that hasn't been named in any account I've seen). These, he says, resemble the 1,800-year-old pyramids at Teotihuacan, just north of Mexico City. Osmanagic maintains that the largest is bigger than the pyramid of Khufu at Giza, and that the Bosnian pyramids date to 12,000 B.C.

Construction of massive pyramids in Bosnia at that period is not believable. Curtis Runnels, a specialist in the prehistory of Greece and the Balkans at Boston University, notes that "Between 27,000 and 12,000 years ago, the Balkans were locked in the last Glacial maximum, a period of very cold and dry climate with glaciers in some of the mountain ranges. The only occupants were Upper Paleolithic hunters and gatherers who left behind open-air camp sites and traces of occupation in caves. These remains consist of simple stone tools, hearths, and remains of animals and plants that were consumed for food. These people did not have the tools or skills to engage in the construction of monumental architecture."

But time and again the media reports say that Osmanagic has spent 15 years studying the pyramids of Latin America. What is not included in the reports is how Osmanagic interprets those structures and the cultures that built them. Had anyone bothered to investigate, they would have found rather bizarre notions in Osmanagic's book The World of the Maya (Gorgias Press, Euphrates imprint, 2005; $29.95). I had a look at the online edition of it (accessible on Osmanagic's "Alternative History" website at

A couple of brief passages will convey the gist of Osmanagic's beliefs:

Ordinary watchmakers repair our watches and put them into accordance with Earthly time. It is my theory that the Maya should be considered watchmakers of the cosmos whose mission it is to adjust the Earthly frequency and bring it into accordance with the vibrations of our Sun. Once the Earth begins to vibrate in harmony with the Sun, information will be able to travel in both directions without limitation. And then we will be able to understand why all ancient peoples worshipped the Sun and dedicated their rituals to this. The Sun is the source of all life on this planet and the source of all information and knowledge. ...And with a frequency in harmony, the Earth will, via the Sun, be connected with the center of our Galaxy. These facts become exceptionally important when we realize that we are rapidly approaching December 2012, a date which the Maya have marked as the time of arrival of the Galactic Energy Cluster which will enlighten us.

The descendants of the Maya, the Lacandon Indians in Chiapas were discovered in the mid-twentieth century. This isolated community showed a surprising similarity to the Basque and Berber peoples (most probable descendants of the natives of Atlantis).... In the sacred Mayan book, the Popul Vuh, there are descriptions of cosmic travelers, the use of the compass, the fact that the Earth is round, and knowledge of the secrets of the universe.... The Mayan hieroglyphics tell us that their ancestors came from the Pleiades... first arriving at Atlantis where they created an advanced civilization.

Many cultures around the world, from India, Sumeria, Egypt, Peru, the Indians of North and Central America, the Inca and the Maya, call themselves the "Children of the Sun" or the "children of light." Their ancestors, the civilizations of Atlantis and Lemuria, erected the first temples on energy potent point of the Planet. Their most important function was to serve as a gateway to other worlds and dimensions.

And there it is. A self-described archaeologist, who believes the Maya and others are descended from Atlanteans who came from the Pleiades, has been accepted as a legitimate researcher by many news outlets. His ideas of early pyramids in Bosnia, which is simply not possible, has been accepted as a major discovery. How could this happen?

If you want to categorize this farce, it seems a standard-issue "amateur/maverick confounds establishment with great discovery" story, which no doubt makes it appealing to uncritical reporters looking for a big story. This kind of tale is a staple of the pseudoarchaeology or fantastic archaeology genre. And the term "pyramidiot" has been applied to those obsessed with pyramids and who offer strange interpretations of them on websites and in books and televsion programs. (See "Seductions of Pseudoarchaeology: Far Out Television").

Such stories infuriate serious scholars like Runnels. "These reports are irresponsible on the part of journalists," he says. "These claims are completely unsupported with any kind of factual evidence, such as artifacts or photographs of the alleged architectures. They have not been confirmed by archaeologists who have the training and competence to evaluate them. The person making the claims appears to have no training in archaeology and has not presented his finds in a way that would allow them to be scrutinized by trained experts. This is simply sensationalism and grandstanding and the journalists who have reported on these claims, without first fact-checking the stories with professional archaeologists, should be ashamed of themselves. People who believe these stories, especially when they are presented without evidence, are fools."

Some in the academic establishment have spoken out. They maintain that the kind of project Osmanagic is running is far worse than just misleading the gullible public. Following a report about Osmanagic in the London Times, Anthony Hardy, president European Association of Archaeologists, wrote the editors, "The situation of professional heritage management in Bosnia-Herzegovina is, since the Bosnian war, in a poor state, with a tiny number of people trying to do what they can to protect their rich heritage from looting and unmonitored or unauthorised development. It adds insult to injury when rich outsiders can come in and spend large sums pursuing their absurd theories (the construction of a colossal pyramid so large that it dwarfs even those of Egypt or Mesoamerica? 12,000 years ago?), in ways that most other countries would never countenance, instead of devoting their cash to the preservation of the endangered genuine sites and monuments in which Bosnia-Herzegovina abounds."

Others fear that Osmanagic's excavations will damage real sites (the hill he calls the "Pyramid of the Sun" is said to have medieval, Roman, and Illyrian remains on it). In one of the few critical accounts of the Bosnian pyramid story, which appeared in the Art Newspaper, the University of Sarejevo's Enver Imamovic, a former director of the National Museum in Sarjevo, is quoted as saying, "This is the equivalent of letting me, an archaeologist, perform surgery in hospitals."

There is public outcry within Bosnia, and an online petition that seeks to shut down Osmanagic's project. But he apparently has backers within the federal government and the Sarejevo city government. Whether he is allowed to continue or not is unresolved for now, and his website makes no mention of any controversy. And even when the mainstream media catch up and realize that the "Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun" is no such thing, it will have entered the annals of fantastic archaeology and will have a multitude of believers and defenders.

Mark Rose is executive and online editor of ARCHAEOLOGY.
© 2006 by the Archaeological Institute of America

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