all about pyramids in Bosnia


bosnian-pyramid.blogspot: Interpretation

Monday, July 03, 2006

Osmanagichas named Visocica hill the "Pyramid of the Sun", while two nearby hills, identified from satellite and aerial photography, have been dubbed the "Pyramid of the Moon" and the "Pyramid of the (Bosnian) Dragon" (and another two, one named the "Pyramid of the Earth", have been mentioned in reports). Newspaper reports have quoted Osmanagić as claiming that they were constructed by ancient Illyrian inhabitants of the Balkans as early as 12000 BCE. But in an interview with Philip Coppens in Nexus (April-May 2006), Osmanagic attempted to clarify his previous statements, stating he was misquoted: he does claim that they were most likely constructed by the Illyrians, who lived in the area from 12,000 BCE to 500 BCE, and that the pyramid was therefore most likely constructed between those two dates - not in 12,000 BCE. In an interview with Vesna Peric Zimonjic, appearing in the Belgian newspaper De Morgen, he refused to date the structures:
"We have not yet found organic remains, bones, wood or coal. Such analysis will help us to date the structures."
Nevertheless, on the Bosnian pyramid website, he is quoted as saying:
"The following year, 2007, will be marked by the astonishment of the world public how such colossal monuments could have been made before the end of the last Ice age."
and also
"Regarding the age, there is more and more evidence that the main pyramid complex were built right before the end of the last Ice age, indicating that there was world wide plan for building these monuments."
However, a report by his team, made in November last year after some initial diggings - therefore six months before the statement that no bones have been found - says:
"However, in the second (II) sequence of sandstone plates at the right hand side of the probing well we found two plates one over another at the angle of approximately 25 degrees. Between those two plates there was clay marl and a human skeleton in it. The skeleton was not complete. It consisted of a left leg bones and fractions of a skull placed in the area of pelvis. All sandstone plates in the III sequence were paved one over another under the same angle as it was done in the II sequence. In the II sequence of plates remains of a human skeleton were found again. The remains of this skeleton were photographed by an archaeologist and its orientation was defined. Then they were packed and sent to analysis in order to determine how old they were."
Currently Osmanagić states the excavation has produced evidence of building blocks one metre below the surface of the hill, as well as tunnels. Earlier geological work has also indicated that human activity had shaped the hill. Additionally Osmanagić has found tunnels in the hillside which he interprets as ventilation shafts. He plans to date the tunnels by analysis of stalactites found within them.
Osmanagić believes his discoveries around Visoko will have further implications for world prehistory. By comparing the varying heights of the tallest pyramids in Mexico and Egypt with Visočica hill, he concluded that the pyramids may all have been built by the same people(s), with the Bosnian Pyramid being the last to be built. However, upon further thought he has decided that this dating mechanism may not be reliable and has now announced Visočica hill could be "The mother of all Pyramids", a claim he says would be corroborated by the existence of sacred geometry and further numerological study of messages left in the pyramid for future generations.
Osmanagić estimates that the Sun pyramid stands 722 feet (220m) high (or, depending upon the report, either 230 feet (70m) high or 328 feet (100m) high). If it is 722 feet, it would be one third taller than the Great Pyramid of Giza, making it the largest pyramidal structure on Earth.

04.07.2006. Discovery of vertical wall

Written by Admin
Tuesday, 27 June 2006

Archaeologists working on an excavation site in Bosnia say there is increasing evidence of the existence of a man-made pyramid at the site.
"The people living in this area discovered the walls a few days ago. The team in charge of pyramids here took over the project and brought in historians and geologists to study the situation. The first thing that was discovered was this area and then, the wall at the back was found. This proved that people were here and interfered in the nature of the mountain here," said Egyptian archaeologist Lamia El Hadidy sitting in front of a stone construction on Sunday (June 18).

It is still impossible to conduct a scientific dating of the find because no artefacts have been found so far.

"We still don't know about the date, we don't have any artefacts, we don't know who and why built up this construction. We don't know what kind of construction it is," said Silvana Cobanov from Slovenia and Nancy Gallou from Greece, both archaeologists who volunteer on the project.

Bosnian-born amateur archaeologist Semir Osmanagic claims that there are three 12,000-year-old pyramids -- the Bosnian Pyramids of Sun, Moon and Dragon - near the Bosnian town of Visoko.

Osmanagic's theory about pyramids in Bosnia has been denounced by local and European archaeologists, who say that ancient civilizations in Europe lived in caves and could not build such structures.

"We have some very exciting results," said Osmanagic.

"Behind me are the terraces which were clearly man-made. We can see the stone plates and stone blocks cut by men, transported here and installed here into the pyramid's walls. These are the terraces I'm standing on. Today, we have just found one vertical wall which might represent an entrance to the pyramid, or maybe a tomb. We will know more a couple of weeks from now, but I would say the results are so exciting and all our thesis have been confirmed every day."

UNESCO Secretary General Koichiro Matsuura recently said that he would send a UNESCO expert team to Visoko to determine exactly what it is all about.


Press release 13.06.2006. : OFFICIAL WEB - BOSNIAN PYRAMID

Continuing excavations at the sites of the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun and Moon is producing impressive results. The Foundation of the Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun (APBPS), has been able to show new evidence of the existence of slabs and massive blocks which are part of a monumental pyramidal structure.
Experts from Egypt are working alongside those from the Foundation including archaeologists, geologists, and geodetic experts.
APBPS believes that the international validation of the existence of the first European Pyramids, here in the Heart of The Bosnia, is just a question of time.
The Foundation refuses criticisms aimed at discrediting its work, both from within Bosnia, and now also from international bodies being brought in by local critics.
Much of the criticism centres on claims that the Foundation is destroying national monument at the top of the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun, formerly the site of a Medieval town.

In fact the excavations are taking place outside an exclusion zone, some 200m away from the protected area; this has been verified by State officials.

Very little now remains of the Medieval town as a result of decades of neglect by the official bodies that were meant to be protecting it - not as a result of the recent excavations that are taking place well away from the Medieval site.

Prof Anthony Harding, president of European Archaeological Association, has also been drafted in and in April claimed in The Times that the Bosnian Pyramid project is destroying the town at the top of the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun. Yet he has not made a detailed examination of any of our findings. The opinion of the experienced geologist Dr.Sci. Aly Barakat from Egypt, a doctor of Geology and expert on pyramids, is that the structure does represent a manmade pyramid.
Every day more and more of the hidden pyramid comes to light and the process of verification of the monument continues with the support of international experts on the site.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is so proud that is this magnificent monument is part of our past.


The Associated Press: British Expert Nixes Bosnia Pyramid Claim

The Associated Press
Friday, June 9, 2006; 10:57 PM

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina -- A British archaeologist on Friday rejected claims that a hill in central Bosnia is a man-made structure that many local residents insist is a pyramid.

Professor Anthony Harding, who is president of the European Association of Archaeologists, visited Visocica hill and said the formation was natural.

"Not any evidence at all has been found" to support the claim the site would be an archaeological site, he said.

No pyramids are known in Europe, and there are no records of any ancient civilization on the continent ever attempting to build one.

The pyramid theory was launched by an amateur researcher last year but it has been disputed by a number of local and international experts, who claim that at no time in Bosnia's history did the region have a civilization able to build monumental structures. They say the hill is simply a strange natural formation.

Nevertheless, Semir Osmanagic, the amateur Bosnian archaeologist who has been investigating Latin American pyramids for 15 years, organized excavations to Visocica, about 20 miles northwest of Sarajevo, in April.

His team _ made up mostly of volunteers, found that the 2,120-foot hill has 45-degree slopes pointing toward the cardinal points and a flat top. Under layers of dirt, workers discovered a paved entrance plateau, entrances to tunnels and large stone blocks.

Egyptian geologist Aly Abd Alla Barakat, who arrived in May to check on Osmanagic's claims said the structure is "man made" and worth investigating.

"My opinion is that this is a type of pyramid, probably a primitive pyramid," said Barakat, a geologist from the Egyptian Mineral Resource Authority.

However, Harding, who said he visited the site briefly on Thursday and looked at the same stone blocks Barakat said were man made, said on Friday they were a natural formation.

"I've seen the site, in my opinion it is entirely natural," he told reporters in Sarajevo. Harding did not visit other sites in the area which Osmanagic and Barakat say are further evidence of the existence of pyramids in Bosnia, such as a tunnel leading to the top of Visocica or a stone pavement made of geometrically regular shaped pieces.

Harding said that although he had not seen the stone pavement, by looking at photographs, "I would not believe it to be archaeological. It looks to me as a natural stone pavement." He did not visit the tunnel either.

But Barakat, an expert in the stone blocks used to build ancient pyramids in Egypt, has recommended more experts visit the site. An archaeologist from Egypt is scheduled to visit the site this month.

The theory of a pyramid has sparked intense interest in Bosnia, with local residents seeking to cash in on the craze; restaurants serve meals in triangle-shaped plates, artisans make pyramid-shaped wooden key-chains, shopkeepers sell T-shirts saying "I have a pyramid in my backyard."

When asked to comment on Harding's statement, Mario Gerussi, the director of Osmanagic's team leading the excavations, said the team had not been informed of the timing of Harding's visit and that none of the staff at the site had seen him there.

Harding specializes in the European Bronze Age, and has led excavations in Poland and the Czech Republic as well as in Britain.

' The President of the European Association of Archaeologists, British Professor Anthony Hardin, speaks during a press conference in Sarajevo, Bosnia, Friday, June 9, 2006. Harding denied Friday the claims of an Egyptian geologist that a hill in central Bosnia is a man made structure for which some believe could be a pyramid. The theory was launched by an amateur researcher last year but it has been disputed by a number of local and international experts who claim that at no time in Bosnia's history has there been a civilization able to build monumental structures and that the hill is simply a weird natural formation. (AP Photo/Hidajet Delic) (Hidajet Delic - AP) '


Deutsche Presse-Agentur

Sarajevo - The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) will join Bosnian experts in searching for what is believed to be one or more ancient pyramids in central Bosnia, the Bosnian Presidency said Friday in a statement.

The chairman of Bosnia-Herzegovina's rotating presidency, Sulejman Tihic, met with UNESCO director-general Koichiro Matsuura in the Croatian coastal town of Opatija, the statement said.

Tihic informed Matsuura about progress at the site in the town of Visoko where the structure was found and Matsuura promised to send soon a group of UNESCO archaeological experts to investigate the find.

Earlier this week, an Egyptian geologist and expert in pyramids, Aly Abd Alla Barakat, said the discovery of treated stone blocks confirmed the existence of a pyramid.

Barakat found two polished, sculpted stone blocks that might prove that a highly-developed ancient civilization built the structure under what is now Visocica Hill near Visoko.

A group of local and international experts began three months ago a thorough study of Visocica, which they believe may conceal a quadrilateral pyramid.

Earlier this year, preliminary findings from sound scans and satellite imagery of the terrain offered evidence that one or more pyramids may have existed in Visoko, some 30 kilometres north of Sarajevo.

The scans showed clay, polished stone pieces and stones with metal traces believed to be man-made.

Remote sensing by satellite, artificial illumination and radar topography showed geometric features that seem to be positioned in a triangular form, matching the four sides of the world.

The discovery of the site has caused a surge in the number of tourists in Visoko.

Last weekend alone, more than 10,000 tourists visited that tiny central Bosnian town, tourist authorities said.

© 2006 dpa - Deutsche Presse-Agentur


Reuters : Egyptian backs Bosnian pyramid claim

Updated: 2:34 p.m. ET May 17, 2006
VISOKO, Bosnia - An Egyptian geologist said on Wednesday that a hill in central Bosnia appeared to be a primitive human-made pyramid of uncertain age.

Geologist Aly Abd Barakat was sent by Egypt’s government to join the local team researching what Bosnian-born amateur archaeologist Semir Osmanagic says are three 12,000-year-old pyramids — the Bosnian Pyramids of Sun, Moon and Dragon.

“In my opinion, it is a type of pyramid, probably primitive pyramid ... (that) we did not know until now,” Barakat told reporters at the dig on the northeastern side of Visocica hill, where huge stone blocks have been found.

“It is difficult for nature to create blocks like this and oriented in one orientation,” he said, pointing to compact polished blocks.

He added that sand layers between the blocks were the same type of artificial cement used in ancient Egyptian pyramids. Barakat said detailed study was needed to determine the age of the excavated blocks and the type of the material used, and said more Egyptian archaeologists would join the team in Bosnia.

Osmanagic’s theory about pyramids in Bosnia has been denounced by local and European archaeologists, who say that ancient civilizations in Europe lived in caves and could not build such structures. But the U.S.-based researcher has invited skeptics to come to Bosnia.

“They say that civilizations could not build such objects. I say — here is an object, and I invite them to come and find out from which period it dates,” he told Reuters at the site.
Osmanagic has announced the existence of two more pyramid-shaped objects in the Visoko valley, 18 miles (30 kilometers) north of the Bosnian capital Sarajevo.

Copyright 2006 Reuters Limited. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of Reuters content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Reuters.

19.05.2006. Debunking the Bosnian 'Pyramid'

...And even when the mainstream media catch up and realize that the "Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun" is no such thing, it will have entered the annals of fantastic archaeology and will have a multitude of believers and defenders.

17.05.2006. It´s a pyramid !!!

- Posted on 16 May 2006 by NEWSBot

Yesterday arrived at Visoko Ali Abdullah Berekat, the leading egyptian pyramid expert. He will stay for a month in Visoko to attend the excavations. Already today he was very impressed to see the sandstone blocks and materials.


The New York Times: Some See a 'Pyramid' to Hone Bosnia's Image. Others See a Big Hill.

Published: May 15, 2006

VISOKO, Bosnia and Herzegovina — Semir Osmanagic stopped to shake hands and have his photograph taken with a group of mud-flecked Bosnian villagers, pickaxes in hand, on a steep hillside above this small medieval trading town on a bend of the Bosna River. They have dug away four feet of roots and clay to expose slanted slabs of sedimentary stone.
"Look at that megalith, it's got to weigh 40 tons," Mr. Osmanagic said eagerly, pointing to one of the roughly rectangular-shaped stones. "After so many thousands of years, it is amazing that they are still here."

Mr. Osmanagic, an amateur archaeologist, is convinced that he has discovered a huge ancient pyramid that will rewrite the history of Europe — not to mention that of Bosnia, a country suffering from war recriminations, political divisions and sunken pride. Anthropological genetics, he said, has proved that Bosnia is "the second oldest oasis of life in Europe," and the pyramid proves Bosnia is a source of civilization on the Continent.

"It's not just any pyramid," he said from beneath his flat-crowned Navajo hat, which has led the local press to liken him to Indiana Jones. "It's the biggest pyramid in the world."

Archaeologists and historians inside and outside Bosnia are appalled, insisting it is simply a peculiarly symmetrical bit of geology. But pyramid fever is spreading through the country. Largely uncritical television and newspaper reports have made the photogenic Mr. Osmanagic a national celebrity, and volunteers are flocking to Visoko hoping to help uncover the Pyramid of the Sun, a prehistoric edifice that will redeem the country by giving it a glorious and important past. "After all the blood and mass graves, this gives people something positive to talk about," said Zlatko Bekbic, who came from the northeastern town of Tuzla to see the supposed pyramid.

Asim Islamovic, 67, climbs the steep and slippery hill daily to dig with his toothless wife and middle-aged daughter. He lost a leg during the war that began in 1992, after the province of Bosnia-Herzegovina broke away from Serbian-dominated Yugoslavia. The horrors that followed introduced the world to the term "ethnic cleansing."

"We are changing the image of the whole country," Mr. Islamovic said. "We're showing Bosnia in a good way."

But not everyone is elated. "This isn't a pyramid, it's a bad circus," said Zilka Kujundzic-Vejzagic, a specialist in prehistoric archaeology at the National Museum in Sarajevo. She is one of 21 experts who published an open letter in Bosnian newspapers in April denouncing Mr. Osmanagic's project as bad science and manipulative sociology.

She scoffs at his suggestion that the pyramid is "probably older than the last ice age," saying no humans were even building simple huts then. There is no evidence, she said, that there was ever a civilization in the region organized enough to build such a massive monument. "If there had been a people who could make something like that, we would have found artifacts around it," she said.

Archaeologists in Bosnia have found little more than flint tools from the end of the last ice age and only simple Neolithic settlements that appeared thousands of years after that. The country's most substantial ancient monument is a modest stone city in southern Bosnia built during the third century B.C. by the Illyrians. The Egyptians are believed to have built their pyramids around 3,000 B.C., but even the biggest of them is dwarfed by Mr. Osmanagic's hill, which is 700 feet high.

Ms. Kujundzic-Vejzagic and her peers say that the symmetrical hill that Mr. Osmanagic has seized on was formed when an ancient lake bed buckled from tectonic movement of the earth's crust millions of years ago. As Africa pushed into Europe, geologists say, the flat lake bed broke into shards that were lifted up like pieces of ice at the colliding edge of an ice floe, creating flat-sided hills.

But where archaeologists see geological principles, Mr. Osmanagic sees the grandeur of Bosnian prehistory in which his ancestors built not only the Pyramid of the Sun, but also at least two other giant monuments hidden under grass and trees, which he has named the Pyramids of the Moon and Dragon. These terrestrial lumps, he said, form a triangle.
"Nature could not have created three identical hills in this pattern," he said with matter-of-fact confidence. He tells the daily stream of visitors to his dig that at certain times of year, the shadow of the Pyramid of the Sun moves across the valley and covers the Pyramid of the Moon, "symbolizing that the reign of the sun is over and that of the moon is beginning."

His fans, mostly Bosnian Muslims like himself, include Sulejman Tihic, that group's representative in the country's dysfunctional three-party presidency that includes a Serb and a Croat. While Mr. Osmanagic insists he has broader support, he has little argument with the notion that nationalist pride plays a role in what is happening in Visoko.

"Once you show that you respect your past, people respect you more," he said in slightly accented English, as the pickaxes flew atop his pyramid. "The Bosnian brain is going to excavate this site and show results to the international community."

Visoko, a stronghold of the Bosnian nationalist party, was a major base of the Bosnian Army during the war. The bullet-riddled shell of a bombed-out Serbian house on the south flank of the pyramid-shaped hill attests to the religious tensions that still percolate here.

Nor is it just any hill that Mr. Osmanagic has identified as a prehistoric pyramid. The flat top is the site of a medieval castle that belonged to a 14th-century Christian king, Stefan Tvrtko I, who was buried in a church in the valley below.

Croats identify more with the king and his castle than do Bosnian Muslims, for whom the site is a subtle reminder of Serbian wartime propaganda that claimed there was no such thing as the Bosnian people, arguing that Bosnians were nothing more than Serbs and Croats who switched religions under Turkish occupation hundreds of years ago.

Mr. Osmanagic, 45, studied economics and politics in Sarajevo before moving to Croatia to work in the import and export trade. He left for the United States with his wife and son when the war broke out, and he now owns a metal shop in Houston that makes everything from stainless steel sinks to small copper pyramids that he sells as a novelty item for $40 each — a line that preceded his venture to the Visoko hill.

His true interest, he says, has long been in "the real history of civilization," and over the past 15 years, he repeatedly traveled to Central America to visit the pre-Columbian pyramids there. He wrote a dissertation on Mayan monuments for a doctorate degree at the University of Sarajevo that was published in English. It is full of new-age interpretations of what he saw in the Mayan pyramids. Several other books in his native language have also been published.

While promoting his books in Sarajevo last year, he answered an invitation from the director of the Visoko Historic Heritage Museum to visit the medieval ruins and, he said, quickly recognized the symmetrical hill they sat upon as a pyramid.

Every flat surface, every straight line only confirms his hypothesis. He sees four clearly delineated sides to the Visoko hill, corresponding to the cardinal points. "That was enough to convince me that we are talking about pyramids here," he said, standing on the gentler slope of the hill's west side, the "ceremonial causeway."

Radar analysis, he said, has found "straight hallways" inside the hill that intersect at 90-degree angles. Thermal analysis indicates that the hill dissipates heat more quickly than those around it, he said, as would a pyramid with tunnels inside.

In April, he instructed teams of volunteers to start digging on the slope above the town. They soon hit flat stones, and the mood grew feverish. "When they uncovered the first stone blocks, they were hopping like kids," Mr. Osmanagic said.

The authorities have granted him five years to excavate the site, and he has raised thousands of dollars from the local government and businesses to finance the work. He is trying to get the national government to put the project in its budget next year.

The genius of Mr. Osmanagic's discovery may turn out to be that it is difficult to disprove without a large and costly excavation, allowing an enduring and alluring mythology to grow up around the hill.

A hotel in Visoko has renamed itself the Pyramid Motel, and merchants are doing a brisk business selling miniature Mayan-style pyramids in the shape of the one that Mr. Osmanagic has convinced people lies beneath the wooded slopes.

"You're proof that something has started to move in a positive way," one shop owner, Senar Laletovic, told a visiting reporter. "That alone is interesting."


Butterflies and Bunnyrabbits blog: Breccia stone layers

Wednesday, May 10, 2006

This is an interview with Dr.Stjepan Coric, a bosnian sedimentologist, working at the Austrian head office of geology in Vienna. I showed him a piece of the breccia stones from the excavations of the northern side of Visocica hill.

Dr.Coric can you analize this piece of stone from Visocica hill?

This is breccia as can be found on top of Visocica hill, formed in the Myocene appr.7 Mill.years ago when the Sarajevo-Zenica plain was filled with sweet water. The surrounding hills are non volcanic but sedimentary. The breccia is rather rough with larger pieces of crashed and also round stones pressed together with sand as cement. Some parts show erosion from water diffusing through the layers of soil and grass which are covering the breccia.

When have you been to Visoko and the Visocica hill?

I have studied and cartographed the area in March 2006 before excavations started and could not find major beccia quarries in the vicinity. This observation leads me to the conclusion that the breccia was built by nature in situ, which leads to the next conclusion that Visocica hill as a whole is consisting of breccia. Except the plateau on the west side, which is consisting of sandstone slabs and came down from the mountains by a nature cataclism.

But these sandstone slabs are rectangular with 90°edges?

Sandstone comes in every shape and size and therefore cannot be defined as man made just by its rectangular or square shape.

Also the breccia appears cut and is placed on top of the hill surface in a 45°angle?

Nature can lift or shift breccia plates in any degree. We need to be very careful with our expertise.

When will you be back to Visoko for further investigation?

I will be back by end of June

What exactly will you be investigating?

1.Where is the breccia stone quarry?
2.Is there statistically significant appearence of certain stone slab sizes?
3.What is the size and shape of the breccia stone layers found at the 5 sondages?
4.What is underneath the breccia plates?
5.Are the tunnels natural caves or abandoned mining tunnels?

Can you give us a statement whether this is a pyramid or not?

At this point there is just not enough evidence to make a clear statement for a serious geologist. We need more data, more excavations, more investigations.
I would be happy if I could say this is a pyramid, no doubt, but at this point it is too early.
Interview with Dr.Coric by Mag.Gabriela Lukacs/Vienna.


Grace Fegan: Questions regarding Bosnian pyramid

Date: Mon, 8 May 2006 20:17:46 +0100 (BST)
Subject: Re: Questions regarding Bosnian pyramid
Dear (*izbrisano*)
Thank you for giving me the opportunity to clarify,
once more, my position with regard to this project.
I have been a professional archaeologist since 1998
and am currently working for a private consultancy in
Ireland. In the course of considering summer
volunteer positions on various European excavations I
contacted, among others, Mr Osmanagich. I found his
contact details on the Archaeological Institute of
America website.
Mr Osmanagich later replied that he may be in a
position to offer me a paid staff position, requiring
my presence on site for up to six months. I informed
him that I would need to consider this very carefully
as I am in full-time employment and would find it
difficult to take such extended leave. Mr Osmanagich
said he would contact me with a definitive offer and
also forwarded some information regarding the site.

The information came in the form of two reports, one
was a 'geophysical survey report' (it was unlike any
geophysical report I had ever seen) and the other was
a 'geological report' (ditto). Having looked through
this information it became clear that this project was
dubious at best. I did some searching on the web and
realised that Mr Osmanagich had no affiliations to any
academic body, and was not a qualified archaeologist.

My mistake at this point was not emailing him
immediately to inform him that I would not be taking

Before I knew it an article had appeared in an Irish
newspaper, stating that I was going to be taking part
in this Bosnian pyramid project. The article stated
that I had excavated Newgrange and described me as an
'eminent Irish archaeologist'. Just to clear things
up – Newgrange had been excavated to a satisfactory
degree before I had even graduated from my B.A., and
although I'm doing well in my career at the moment, I
would certainly not describe myself as eminent (at
best, I would like to think that my eminence is
imminent, he he).
I also received phone calls from two British
journalists enquiring as to the nature of my
involvement in the project. These gentlemen were kind
enough to inform me that I was listed on the project
website as being one of the 'foreign experts' taking
part. When I logged on to the website I found that I
was listed as Senior Archaeologist, Kilkenny (I am the
senior archaeologist for the firm in which I work, but
not for the entire county of Kilkenny!). Most
worrying of all was a link through which people could
supposedly contact me. When I clicked on it an email
address came up of which I had no previous knowledge
and to which I had no access.
Needless to say, I found this pretty unsettling.
Mr Osmanagich used my name in connection with his
project when he had no right to do so. He also seems
to have made every attempt to make me into something
that I am not. In addition he potentially misled
those who visited the website that they could contact
me, and that whatever responses they would receive
would be from me.
With regard to the excavations taking place on the
'Bosnian Pyramid' site, I would be very surprised if
at the end of the season Mr Osmanagich throws up his
hands having failed to find definitive evidence
supporting his argument. No matter what is there he
will find what he is looking for. That is what
happens when a site is not excavated by
archaeologists, but glory hunters.
Kindest Regards
Grace Fegan

07.05.2006. Online community for lovers of ancient history

April 28 , 2006
Debunking the Bosnian 'Pyramid' Posted at 18:00 EST

It was only a matter of time before someone investigated the Bosnia pyramid story and found it not at all credible. ARCHAEOLOGY magazine are planning on debunking it in their next issue, but in the meantime have published a piece online here: The Bosnia-Atlantis Connection: Frenzied reporting of supposed pyramids in the Balkans ignores the truth and embraces the fantastic

The gist is that Semir (Sam) Osmanagic believes the pyramids in Bosnia resemble those at Teotihuacan, claims the largest is bigger than the pyramid of Khufu at Giza, and that the Bosnian pyramids date to 12,000 B.C.

The media reports have omitted to mention that Osmanagic is a self-described archaeologist, who believes the Maya and others are descended from Atlanteans who came from the Pleiades.

Now reputable archaeologists and the academic establishment are speaking out, condemning Osmanagic for misleading a gullible public and endangering genuine sites and monuments. There is public outcry within Bosnia, and an online petition that seeks to shut down Osmanagic's project. But he apparently has backers within the federal government and the Sarejevo city government. Whether he is allowed to continue or not is unresolved for now, and his website makes no mention of any controversy. And even when the mainstream media catch up and realize that the "Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun" is no such thing, it will have entered the annals of fantastic archaeology and will have a multitude of believers and defenders.

April 25 , 2006
The Bosnian pyramid again Posted at 08:00 EST

More news here at the Washington Post on the supposed discovery of an 'ancient pyramid ' in Bosnia, where digging began last week.

This has the potential to be a very exciting and significant discovery if it does turn out to be a pyramid, especially since two other pyramid-shaped hills in the Visoko Valley may be connected with this one by underground tunnels.

Maybe it's just me being cynical since I'd love this to be the real thing, but I keep expecting Hancock or Bauval to pop up and start raving about aliens.... LOL

April 14 , 2006
Did the Aztecs take a winter vacation to Bosnia? Posted at 19:00 EST
Archaeologists have started excavating what they're calling "Europe's first pyramids" - two constructions near Sarajevo. The news report I read doesn't say who's supposed to have built them or how old they are, but the explorer who started probing the site last year "sees astonishing similarities between the structures and Mexican pyramids dating back to about AD 200, which also come in pairs, one believed to represent the Sun and the other the Moon."

The mind boggles... but also retains a healthy scepticism about an Aztec/Bosnian connection! LOL

The full report can be found here: Digging starts on 'Europe's first pyramids' in Bosnia

07.05.2006. Indiana Jones of the Balkans: The Great Pyramid of Bosnia

7 May 2006 18:33 Home > News > Europe

An amateur archaeologist claims to have found Europe's first pyramid. The experts may be sceptical but the people have been quick to see the potential for attracting tourists

By Vesna Peric Zimonjic
Published: 28 April 2006

There is a new sign hanging above Visoko's shabby hotel. From now, guests will be staying at the Pyramid of the Sun. Across the road at the local restaurant the hungry can tuck into pyramid pizza. It is served, of course, on triangular wooden platters.
And for those who have yet to get the point, the local xafs is offering allegedly home-made brandy. It comes in pyramid-shaped bottles.

Article Length: 1632 words (approx.)


Amateur Archaeologist
Location: N/A

Comments: To mr. Semir Osmanagic,
You claim having discovered 3 pyramids in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Visoko, and even gave them names in this early stage of excavation (‘Pyramid of the Sun, Pyramid of the Moon, Pyramid of the Earth’). I read you have been studying pyramids in Africa, Asia and in the America’s for 15 years. This is why you should have seen that these Bosnian ‘hills’ are not pyramids. If you had taken a closer look at the topographic picture on your own website, you could have remarked that the ‘hills’ emerge out of the surrounding hill-landscape. True pyramids are always built on flat surfaces, to avoid the layered structures from sliding downwards. In my opinion, the Visoko-‘hills’ are the typically cone-shaped remains of old, non-active strato-volcanoes, covered with vegetation in the course of time. You say the ‘Bosnian pyramids’ are 12.000 years old, that is about 10.000 BC. So, they were built at the very end of the last Ice Age in Europe (part of Pleistoceen period). It seems impossible to me to make such mega-structures in sub-zero or in low temperatures. I also strongly doubt that in such climate and at that time, the local population could provide sufficient individuals (‘labourers’) for such projects. At 10.000 BC, there weren’t even big cities yet (the oldest known city to date is Jericho, 7000 BC). All true pyramids were built in the vicinity of cities. The stone-slabs, -blocs, etc. found on the ‘Bosnian pyramids’ and shown on your website are in my opinion not articulated, nor cut by humans. I belief it’s possible that some ancient structures were made on the sides of the volcanoes, built with stone-slabs, -blocs, etc. that were transported by ice and left behind when the ice retreated. But massive pyramidal constructions such as the Giza and the Mexico pyramids won’t be found in Visoko. I don’t understand why your reconstruction of the ‘Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun’ is a copy of the Mexican Pyramid of the Sun ? There is no connection at all between the ancient civilisations of Mexico and Bosnia. You dated the ‘Bosnian pyramid’ at 10.000 BC. The Mexican pyramids only go back as far as the 2nd century AD. Your reconstruction shows a ‘pyramid’ in Visoko as modern as the Mexican pyramid of the Sun, while there is a time-difference of approximately 10.000 years, impossible ! In my opinion the tunnels in the Visoko-‘hills’ are remains of old mining-activities. To me, the migthy Mexican Teotihuacan Pyramids of the Sun and Moon are the only true ones !


"Pyramitalia": 2003 - PYRAMIDS IN ITALY

Three Pyramids Discovered In Montevecchia, Italy
April 2003

Marco V. of Varese, Italy writes, "You may be
interested in a discovery which has been recently
made: three pyramids were discovered thanks to
satellite and aerial imagery in northern Italy, in the
town of Montevecchia - 40 km from Milan.

They are the first pyramids ever discovered in Italy
and the dimensions are quite impressive; the highest
pyramid is 150 meters tall. They are stone buildings,
as recent excavations have proved. However, they are
now completely covered by ground and vegetation, so
that they now look like hills.

The inclination degree of all the three pyramids is
42/43¡ and there is a perfect alignment with the
Orion constellation. There are a lot of similarities
to the Egyptian pyramids.

Their age is still undefined although they are surely
older than 3000 years. Nothing was found nearby which
may help to date the structures and in the area there
was not any civilization able to build similar
structures at the time. The people who lived there
were mainly gatherers and hunters.


We tend to regard professionals as the only people worth
taking notice of, when it comes to discoveries being made in
their field. If an amateur makes a statement – or even a
discovery – it is commonly regarded with suspicion.
On this point, I recall that on July 29, 1997, an amateur
astronomer in Adelaide, Australia, announced the discovery
of a new comet. Up to that date, 71 comets had been
discovered by amateurs during the twentieth century!
Did you know that some of the world’s great archaeological
discoveries have been made by amateurs?
When Heinrich Schliemann said he’d discovered Troy, the
scientific community snubbed him. For years!
And there was John Lloyd Stephens who discovered
wondrous things among the Mayan ruins of Central
America. Another amateur.
It was Champollion the “amateur” who got Egyptology
One could say that our knowledge has been deepened
more through the efforts of amateurs like Fawcett,
Schliemann and Heyerdahl, than through the efforts of
franchised experts.
The cause of science is not served by automatic
ridicule of amateurs. Any person who so behaves is an
enemy of science. He may be listed in Who’s Who, but
he doesn’t know what’s what.
Both Schliemann (who discovered Troy) and Carter
(who found Tutankhamen’s tomb) were criticised by the
academia of their day. It is worth noting, however, that
while the world remembers the names of the two men
Schliemann and Carter – no one remembers the names of
their critics!

vikićev specijalac



Bosnian Bloggers: AntiPyramid Web-Ring

Information for all non-balkan-languages speakers:

Blogs written in all languages are welcome to join, so, if you are interested and have written about the topic, consider joining. The page lists the blogs that are currently members of the Web-ring. If you want to join, just send an e-mail to one of the members - the e-mail addresses are listed right here.

link to antypyramid web-ring


Blog: What will be left?

Wednesday, May 03, 2006
What will be left?
"And if it's not a pyramid, then we make one.", said a man from Visoko after we asked him what he thinks of the pyramid shaped hill.

It’s about time for really good news, finally, coming out of a country, that went through one of the most devastating wars in the second half of the 20th century. Many people have lost their lives and an entire country the faith in ever living with dignity again. Over 600.000 landmines are spread all across Bosnia-Herzegovina and the task of disarming them is about as daunting and equally difficult as the Bosnian peoples search for a better future.

When people return home from long journeys, they bring back little gifts for their families and friends. And Semir Osmanagic, after having spent the last 15 years researching ancient civilizations and pyramids all around the world, brought back home something very special. Not only he might have discovered a pyramid in Bosnia, which in itself is a symbol for energy, he also brought with him the very essence of life. Hope - for the people of Bosnia - and hope for the entire planet.

Civilisations are fragile objects. Often, when they reach their highest point, they fail. Even our own civilisation, over the course of the last few centuries, was many times on the verge to forever disappear from the face of this planet. The discovery of a pyramid built a long time ago, should remind us of the fragile status of our own civilisation. With discoveries like these, comes responsibility. The planet belongs to us all and we all belong to the planet. Civilisations come and go, technology advances and regresses, and people still lose the focus on things that really matter by feeding their egos with superficial desires. We need to finally ‘learn to learn’ from history, world history that is. Think about it - the average CD-Rom lasts a few dozen years, modern concrete lasts a few hundred years at best.

What will be left from our culture for future civilisations to discover?

Text by Robert Huttinger and Hutan Vahdani


IOL - Web info of South Africa: Controversial dig sparks pyramid mania

May 04 2006 at 03:08AM

By Daria Sito-Sucic

Visoko, Bosnia - Pyramid or publicity stunt? Archaeologists can't agree but for the people of Visoko, the debate is almost irrelevant: they believe there's a pyramid under the hill near their town and they are already cashing in.

Visoko is booming, boosted by a controversial dig that aims to prove that the nearby Visocica hill is a pyramid built 12 000 years ago by the ancestors of the Illyrians, said to be the first inhabitants of the Balkans.

Many archaeologists are sceptical but Semir Osmanagic, the Bosnian-born businessman who came up with the pyramid theory and who is the force behind the dig, is convinced he can prove it.
"As much as the idea of pyramids in Europe and particularly in Bosnia may seem incredible, we're convinced we'll succeed," US-based Osmanagic told reporters.

Since the dig began in April, visitors have flocked to the top of Visoko's hill, about 30km north of Sarajevo, making the ascent by car, motorbike and even horse-drawn coach.

On a sunny April day, lines of people clambered up the 700-metre hill while models from Sarajevo Fashion Week walked around the dig, waving paper Bosnian flags.

"We read about the pyramid on the Internet. It would be great that something so grand happens to Bosnia," said tourist Senada Wiitigen, who came to Bosnia from Germany on holiday.

Nearby, the manager of a food factory was flogging "Bosnian Sun Pyramid" pralines. Hawkers sold hastily printed T-shirts and brandy in pyramid-shaped bottles while craftsmen turned out pyramid souvenirs.

Pensioner Rasim Kilalic turned his weekend home near the dig into a cafe. "Please God, let them find a pyramid," he said, rushing to serve crowded tables.

But many established archaeologists believe the theory behind Visoko's mini-boom is nonsense.

"Even the slightest acquaintance with archaeology would tell anyone that the only things being built in Europe at that time were flimsy huts, and a lot of people were still living in caves or rock shelters," said Professor Anthony Harding, president of the European Association of Archaeologists.

"Even if we assume these people have the date wrong by several millennia, and they are actually nearer in date to the Egyptian pyramids, the idea that people in Bosnia at that time were building pyramids of any sort, let alone enormous ones that dwarf even the Great Pyramid at Giza, is pure fantasy."

Osmanagic calls the two hills forming a gate into the Visoko valley the Sun and Moon Pyramids, named after pyramids he saw in Central America. He named a smaller hill the Dragon Pyramid.

"Visocica hill has almost three perfect triangle sides, each pointing towards cardinal points," said Osmanagic, who often wears an Indiana Jones-style trilby hat.

"This and its pyramid shape were enough for me. Nature simply could not build such perfect objects."

Last year, during a dig at the base of Visocica hill - Osmanagic's Sun Pyramid - geologists on his team said they found polished sandstone slabs, which may have formed the pyramid's floor. They found another building material, also not native to the area, which they think was used for the stairs.

In the second week of digging, they found stone blocks that Osmanagic said were pyramid walls. Over the next few months, he aims to unearth what he believes are stone stairs and explore 3,8km of tunnels that he says connect the hills.

Pyramid-shaped structures were built by many ancient peoples and used as temples, tombs or royal monuments. Some of the best preserved are Egypt's pyramids, built around 4 500 years ago. Step pyramids exist in Mexico and modern-day Iran and Iraq.

Greece and Egypt have said they will send experts to the Bosnian site in the coming months, but closer to home there are fears the ad-hoc dig could destroy the remains of a medieval Bosnian town at the top of Visocica hill.

"This is the equivalent of letting me, an archaeologist, perform surgery," said Enver Imamovic, professor of history and former director of the Sarajevo-based Regional Museum.

Osmanagic plans to open the "Bosnian Valley of Pyramids" as an archaeological park in 2008. His project is supported by Visoko council and has raised hopes that the area could become a major tourist attraction in a country slowly winning back visitors after a devastating war in the 1990s.

"We should absolutely allow the research here," said Senad Hodovic, the director of the Visoko Historic Heritage museum.

"This isn't about whether there are pyramids or not... But it's important to create a climate for research, also of the medieval town of Visoki, which has never been explored."

Nearby mines and rescue associations have offered their services for the exploration of the tunnels. Universities in Sarajevo and Tuzla have pledged their expertise and firms in Visoko are donating products and services.

The volunteer diggers are mainly unemployed men from Visoko.

"We have such high unemployment that everybody hopes something good will come out of this," said Emsad Husic, a former car mechanic and father-of-three. "You can already feel the town has got livelier in the recent weeks."

Osmanagic believes the site was chosen in the belief that it was a focal point of energies, like Giza in Egypt. That, he says, could explain the local claim that no one was killed in the three-pyramid area during the 1992-95 war.

"The pyramid saved them," he said.

For now, Osmanagic is financing the dig himself. To continue his research this year, he will need about 200 000 Bosnian marka (about R750 000), which he hopes to get from Bosnian authorities.

"The history of civilisation has to be rewritten," he said. "Bosnia will become a giant on the world archaeological map."


VISOKO NEWS: Semir Osmanagic has stated that the bosnian pyramid is official now

(photo: Visoko photoshop activitys)

Article says that Semir Osmanagic has stated that the bosnian pyramid is official now, and that in fact there is a pyramid of the sun underneath the soil. They have dug out large areas on the West, East and North part and found the same exact rock structure on each side. Rock's they found weight from 5-30 tons each and are identical to rocks used on the egyptian and mexican pyramids. All types of satellite images and researches claim that there are three pyramid in the area the Sun, Moon and Dragon pyramids. People who were signing petitions to stop the digging have now admited that they were wrong. People claimed that Semir Osmanagic was destoying old graves and ancient sites but Mirko Babić a archaeologist who visited the area said nothing is being covered up here, there is nothing being destroyed and he fully supports the project. The Bosnian pyramid of the sun foundation is calling upon all bosnians to unit and take this project very seriously.

Stariji postovi

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